Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of TracInstall


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Timestamp:
Apr 24, 2017, 10:36:27 AM (8 months ago)
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trac
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  • TracInstall

    v3 v4  
    1 = Trac Installation Guide for 0.12 =
     1= Trac Installation Guide for 1.0
     2
    23[[TracGuideToc]]
    34
    45Trac is written in the Python programming language and needs a database, [http://sqlite.org/ SQLite], [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL], or [http://mysql.com/ MySQL]. For HTML rendering, Trac uses the [http://genshi.edgewall.org Genshi] templating system.
    56
    6 Since version 0.12, Trac can also be localized, and there's probably a translation available for your language. If you want to be able to use the Trac interface in other languages, then make sure you **first** have installed the optional package [#OtherPythonPackages Babel]. Lacking Babel, you will only get the default english version, as usual. If you install Babel later on, you will need to re-install Trac.
    7 
    8 If you're interested in contributing new translations for other languages or enhance the existing translations, then please have a look at [trac:wiki:TracL10N TracL10N].
    9 
    10 What follows are generic instructions for installing and setting up Trac and its requirements. While you may find instructions for installing Trac on specific systems at TracInstallPlatforms on the main Trac site, please be sure to '''first read through these general instructions''' to get a good understanding of the tasks involved.
     7Since version 0.12, Trac can also be localized, and there is probably a translation available in your language. If you want to use the Trac interface in other languages, then make sure you have installed the optional package [#OtherPythonPackages Babel]. Pay attention to the extra steps for localization support in the [#InstallingTrac Installing Trac] section below. Lacking Babel, you will only get the default English version.
     8
     9If you're interested in contributing new translations for other languages or enhancing the existing translations, then please have a look at [trac:wiki:TracL10N TracL10N].
     10
     11What follows are generic instructions for installing and setting up Trac. While you may find instructions for installing Trac on specific systems at [trac:TracInstallPlatforms TracInstallPlatforms] on the main Trac site, please '''first read through these general instructions''' to get a good understanding of the tasks involved.
    1112
    1213[[PageOutline(2-3,Installation Steps,inline)]]
    1314
    14 == Dependencies ==
     15== Dependencies
     16
    1517=== Mandatory Dependencies
     18
    1619To install Trac, the following software packages must be installed:
    1720
    18  * [http://www.python.org/ Python], version >= 2.4 and < 3.0
    19    (note that we dropped the support for Python 2.3 in this release)
    20  * [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/setuptools setuptools], version >= 0.6
     21 * [http://www.python.org/ Python], version >= 2.5 and < 3.0
     22   (note that we dropped the support for Python 2.4 in this release)
     23 * [http://pypi.python.org/pypi/setuptools setuptools], version >= 0.6
    2124 * [http://genshi.edgewall.org/wiki/Download Genshi], version >= 0.6
    2225
    23 You also need a database system and the corresponding python bindings.
    24 The database can be either SQLite, PostgreSQL or MySQL.
     26You also need a database system and the corresponding python bindings. The database can be either SQLite, PostgreSQL or MySQL.
    2527
    2628==== For the SQLite database #ForSQLite
    2729
    28 If you're using Python 2.5 or 2.6, you already have everything you need.
    29 
    30 If you're using Python 2.4 and need pysqlite, you can download from
    31 [http://code.google.com/p/pysqlite/downloads/list google code] the Windows installers or the tar.gz archive for building from source:
    32 {{{
    33 $ tar xvfz <version>.tar.gz
    34 $ cd <version>
    35 $ python setup.py build_static install
    36 }}}
    37  
    38 This will extract the SQLite code and build the bindings.
    39 
    40 To install SQLite, your system may require the development headers. Without these you will get various GCC related errors when attempting to build:
    41 
    42 {{{
    43 $ apt-get install libsqlite3-dev
    44 }}}
    45 
    46 SQLite 2.x is no longer supported, and neither is !PySqlite 1.1.x.
    47 
    48 A known bug !PySqlite versions 2.5.2-4 prohibits upgrade of trac databases
    49 from 0.11.x to 0.12. Please use versions 2.5.5 and newer or 2.5.1 and
    50 older. See [trac:#9434] for more detail.
    51 
    52 See additional information in [trac:PySqlite].
     30As you must be using Python 2.5, 2.6 or 2.7, you already have the SQLite database bindings bundled with the standard distribution of Python: the `sqlite3` module.
     31
     32Optionally, you may install a newer version of [http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pysqlite pysqlite] than the one provided by the Python distribution. See [trac:PySqlite#ThePysqlite2bindings PySqlite] for details.
    5333
    5434==== For the PostgreSQL database #ForPostgreSQL
    5535
    5636You need to install the database and its Python bindings:
    57  * [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL]
    58  * [http://pypi.python.org/pypi/psycopg2 psycopg2]
     37 * [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL], version 8.0 or later
     38 * [http://pypi.python.org/pypi/psycopg2 psycopg2], version 2.0 or later
    5939
    6040See [trac:DatabaseBackend#Postgresql DatabaseBackend] for details.
    6141
    62 
    6342==== For the MySQL database #ForMySQL
    6443
    65 Trac can now work quite well with MySQL, provided you follow the guidelines.
    66 
    67  * [http://mysql.com/ MySQL], version 5.0 or later
     44Trac works well with MySQL, provided you follow the guidelines:
     45
     46 * [http://mysql.com/ MySQL] or [http://mariadb.org/ MariaDB], version 5.0 or later
    6847 * [http://sf.net/projects/mysql-python MySQLdb], version 1.2.2 or later
    6948
    70 It is '''very''' important to read carefully the [trac:MySqlDb] page before creating the database.
     49Given the caveats and known issues surrounding MySQL, read the [trac:MySqlDb] page before creating the database.
    7150
    7251=== Optional Dependencies
    7352
    74 ==== Version Control System ====
    75 
    76 ===== Subversion =====
    77  * [http://subversion.apache.org/ Subversion], 1.5.x or 1.6.x and the '''''corresponding''''' Python bindings. Older versions starting from 1.0, like 1.2.4, 1.3.2 or 1.4.2, etc. should still work. For troubleshooting information, check the [trac:TracSubversion#Troubleshooting TracSubversion] page.
    78 
    79 There are [http://subversion.apache.org/packages.html pre-compiled SWIG bindings] available for various platforms. (Good luck finding precompiled SWIG bindings for any Windows package at that listing. TracSubversion points you to [http://alagazam.net Algazam], which works for me under Python 2.6.)
    80 
    81 Note that Trac '''doesn't''' use [http://pysvn.tigris.org/ PySVN], neither does it work yet with the newer `ctype`-style bindings. [Is there a ticket for implementing ctype bindings?]
    82 
    83 
    84 '''Please note:''' if using Subversion, Trac must be installed on the '''same machine'''. Remote repositories are currently [trac:ticket:493 not supported].
    85 
    86 
    87 ===== Others =====
    88 
    89 Support for other version control systems is provided via third-parties. See [trac:PluginList] and [trac:VersioningSystemBackend].
    90 
    91 ==== Web Server ====
    92 A web server is optional because Trac is shipped with a server included, see the [#RunningtheStandaloneServer Running the Standalone Server ] section below.
    93 
    94 Alternatively you configure Trac to run in any of the following environments.
     53==== Version Control System
     54
     55===== Subversion
     56 * [http://subversion.apache.org/ Subversion], 1.5.x or later and the '''corresponding''' Python bindings. Older versions starting from 1.0, like 1.2.4, 1.3.2 or 1.4.2, etc. may still work. For troubleshooting information, check the [trac:TracSubversion#Troubleshooting TracSubversion] page.
     57
     58There are [http://subversion.apache.org/packages.html pre-compiled SWIG bindings] available for various platforms. (Good luck finding precompiled SWIG bindings for any Windows package at that listing. [trac:TracSubversion] points you to [http://alagazam.net Alagazam], which works for me under Python 2.6.)
     59
     60Note that Trac '''doesn't''' use [http://pysvn.tigris.org/ PySVN], neither does it work yet with the newer `ctype`-style bindings.
     61
     62'''Note:''' if using Subversion, Trac must be installed on the '''same machine'''. Remote repositories are currently [trac:ticket:493 not supported].
     63
     64===== Git
     65 * [http://git-scm.com/ Git] 1.5.6 or later.
     66
     67More information is available on the [trac:TracGit] page.
     68
     69===== Others
     70
     71Support for other version control systems is provided via third-parties. See [trac:PluginList#VersionControlSystems] and [trac:VersionControlSystem].
     72
     73==== Web Server
     74
     75A web server is optional because Trac has a server included, see the [#RunningtheStandaloneServer Running the Standalone Server] section below.
     76
     77Alternatively you can configure Trac to run in any of the following environments:
    9578 * [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache] with
    9679   - [http://code.google.com/p/modwsgi/ mod_wsgi], see [wiki:TracModWSGI] and
    9780     http://code.google.com/p/modwsgi/wiki/IntegrationWithTrac
    98    - [http://modpython.org/ mod_python 3.3.1], deprecated: see TracModPython)
     81   - [http://modpython.org/ mod_python 3.5.0], see TracModPython
    9982 * a [http://www.fastcgi.com/ FastCGI]-capable web server (see TracFastCgi)
    10083 * an [http://tomcat.apache.org/connectors-doc/ajp/ajpv13a.html AJP]-capable web
    101    server (see [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp])
    102  * a CGI-capable web server (see TracCgi), '''but usage of Trac as a cgi script
    103    is highly discouraged''', better use one of the previous options.
     84   server (see [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp TracOnWindowsIisAjp])
     85 * a FastCGI and FastCGI-to-WSGI gateway (see [trac:TracOnWindowsIisWfastcgi])
     86 * a CGI-capable web server (see TracCgi), but //usage of Trac as a cgi script
     87   is highly discouraged//, better use one of the previous options.
    10488   
    105 
    106 ==== Other Python Packages ====
    107 
    108  * [http://babel.edgewall.org Babel], version >= 0.9.5,
    109    needed for localization support[[BR]]
    110    ''Note: '' If you want to be able to use the Trac interface in other languages, then make sure you first have installed the optional package Babel. Lacking Babel, you will only get the default english version, as usual. If you install Babel later on, you will need to re-install Trac.
     89==== Other Python Packages
     90
     91 * [http://babel.edgewall.org Babel], version 0.9.5, 0.9.6 or >= 1.3
     92   needed for localization support
    11193 * [http://docutils.sourceforge.net/ docutils], version >= 0.3.9
    11294   for WikiRestructuredText.
    113  * [http://pygments.pocoo.org Pygments] for
    114    [wiki:TracSyntaxColoring syntax highlighting].
     95 * [http://pygments.org Pygments] for
     96   [TracSyntaxColoring syntax highlighting].
    11597   [http://silvercity.sourceforge.net/ SilverCity] and/or
    11698   [http://gnu.org/software/enscript/enscript.html Enscript] may still be used
     
    120102   an internal time zone implementation.
    121103
    122 '''Attention''': The various available versions of these dependencies are not necessarily interchangable, so please pay attention to the version numbers above. If you are having trouble getting Trac to work please double-check all the dependencies before asking for help on the [trac:MailingList] or [trac:IrcChannel].
    123 
    124 Please refer to the documentation of these packages to find out how they are best installed. In addition, most of the [trac:TracInstallPlatforms platform-specific instructions] also describe the installation of the dependencies. Keep in mind however that the information there ''probably concern older versions of Trac than the one you're installing'' (there are even some pages that are still talking about Trac 0.8!).
    125 
    126 
    127 == Installing Trac ==
     104{{{#!div style="border: 1pt dotted; margin: 1em"
     105**Attention**: The available versions of these dependencies are not necessarily interchangeable, so please pay attention to the version numbers. If you are having trouble getting Trac to work, please double-check all the dependencies before asking for help on the [trac:MailingList] or [trac:IrcChannel].
     106}}}
     107
     108Please refer to the documentation of these packages to find out how they are best installed. In addition, most of the [trac:TracInstallPlatforms platform-specific instructions] also describe the installation of the dependencies. Keep in mind however that the information there probably concern older versions of Trac than the one you're installing.
     109
     110== Installing Trac
     111
     112The [TracAdmin trac-admin] command-line tool, used to create and maintain [TracEnvironment project environments], as well as the [TracStandalone tracd] standalone server are installed along with Trac. There are several methods for installing Trac.
     113
     114It is assumed throughout this guide that you have elevated permissions as the `root` user, or by prefixing commands with `sudo`. The umask `0022` should be used for a typical installation on a Unix-based platform.
     115
    128116=== Using `easy_install`
    129 One way to install Trac is using [http://pypi.python.org/pypi/setuptools setuptools].
    130 With setuptools you can install Trac from the subversion repository;
    131 
    132 A few examples:
    133 
    134  - install Trac 0.12:
    135    {{{
    136    easy_install Trac==0.12
    137    }}}
    138 
    139  - install latest development version 0.12dev:
    140    {{{
    141    easy_install Trac==dev
    142    }}}
     117
     118Trac can be installed from [https://pypi.python.org/pypi/Trac PyPI] or the Subversion repository using [http://pypi.python.org/pypi/setuptools setuptools].
     119
     120A few command-line examples:
     121
     122 - Install the latest stable version of Trac:
     123 {{{#!sh
     124$ easy_install Trac
     125}}}
     126 - Install latest development version:
     127 {{{#!sh
     128$ easy_install http://download.edgewall.org/trac/Trac-latest-dev.tar.gz
     129}}}
    143130   Note that in this case you won't have the possibility to run a localized version of Trac;
    144    either use a released version or install from source
     131   either use a released version or install from source.
     132
     133More information can be found on the [trac:wiki:setuptools setuptools] page.
     134
     135{{{#!div style="border: 1pt dotted; margin: 1em"
     136**Setuptools Warning:** If the version of your setuptools is in the range 5.4 through 5.6, the environment variable `PKG_RESOURCES_CACHE_ZIP_MANIFESTS` must be set in order to avoid significant performance degradation. More information may be found in [#DeployingTrac Deploying Trac].
     137}}}
    145138
    146139=== Using `pip`
    147 'pip' is an easy_install replacement that is very useful to quickly install python packages.
    148 To get a trac installation up and running in less than 5 minutes:
    149 
    150 Assuming you want to have your entire pip installation in /opt/user/trac
     140
     141'pip' is an easy_install replacement that is very useful to quickly install Python packages.
     142To get a Trac installation up and running in less than 5 minutes:
     143
     144Assuming you want to have your entire pip installation in `/opt/user/trac`:
    151145
    152146 -
    153 {{{
    154 pip -E /opt/user/trac install trac psycopg2
    155 }}}
    156 or
     147 {{{#!sh
     148$ pip install trac psycopg2
     149}}}
     150or:
    157151 -
    158 {{{
    159 pip -E /opt/user/trac install trac mysql-python
    160 }}}
    161 
    162 Make sure your OS specific headers are available for pip to automatically build PostgreSQL (libpq-dev) or MySQL (libmysqlclient-dev) bindings.
    163 
    164 pip will automatically resolve all dependencies (like Genshi, pygments, etc.) and download the latest packages on pypi.python.org and create a self contained installation in /opt/user/trac
    165 
    166 All commands (tracd, trac-admin) are available in /opt/user/trac/bin . This can also be leveraged for mod_python (using PythonHandler directive) and mod_wsgi (using WSGIDaemonProcess directive)
    167 
    168 Additionally, you can install several trac plugins (listed [http://pypi.python.org/pypi?:action=search&term=trac&submit=search here]) through pip.
    169 
    170 
     152 {{{#!sh
     153$ pip install trac mysql-python
     154}}}
     155
     156Make sure your OS specific headers are available for pip to automatically build PostgreSQL (`libpq-dev`) or MySQL (`libmysqlclient-dev`) bindings.
     157
     158pip will automatically resolve all dependencies (like Genshi, pygments, etc.), download the latest packages from pypi.python.org and create a self contained installation in `/opt/user/trac`.
     159
     160All commands (`tracd`, `trac-admin`) are available in `/opt/user/trac/bin`. This can also be leveraged for `mod_python` (using `PythonHandler` directive) and `mod_wsgi` (using `WSGIDaemonProcess` directive).
     161
     162Additionally, you can install several Trac plugins (listed [https://pypi.python.org/pypi?:action=browse&show=all&c=516 here]) through pip.
    171163
    172164=== From source
    173 Of course, using the python-typical setup at the top of the source directory also works.
    174 
    175 You can obtain the source for a .tar.gz or .zip file corresponding to a release (e.g. Trac-0.12.tar.gz), or you can get the source directly from the repository (see [trac:SubversionRepository] for details).
    176 
    177 {{{
     165
     166Using the python-typical setup at the top of the source directory also works. You can obtain the source for a .tar.gz or .zip file corresponding to a release (e.g. `Trac-1.0.tar.gz`) from the [trac:TracDownload] page, or you can get the source directly from the repository. See [trac:TracRepositories#OfficialSubversionrepository TracRepositories] for details.
     167
     168{{{#!sh
    178169$ python ./setup.py install
    179170}}}
    180171
    181 ''You'll need root permissions or equivalent for this step.''
    182 
    183 This will byte-compile the python source code and install it as an .egg file or folder in the `site-packages` directory
    184 of your Python installation. The .egg will also contain all other resources needed by standard Trac, such as htdocs and templates.
    185 
    186 The script will also install the [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin] command-line tool, used to create and maintain [wiki:TracEnvironment project environments], as well as the [wiki:TracStandalone tracd] standalone server.
    187 
    188 If you install from source and want to make Trac available in other languages, make sure  Babel is installed. Only then, perform the `install` (or simply redo the `install` once again afterwards if you realize Babel was not yet installed):
    189 {{{
     172You will need root permissions or equivalent for this step.
     173
     174This will byte-compile the Python source code and install it as an .egg file or folder in the `site-packages` directory
     175of your Python installation. The .egg will also contain all other resources needed by standard Trac, such as `htdocs` and `templates`.
     176
     177If you install from source and want to make Trac available in other languages, make sure Babel is installed. Only then, perform the `install` (or simply redo the `install` once again afterwards if you realize Babel was not yet installed):
     178{{{#!sh
    190179$ python ./setup.py install
    191180}}}
    192 Alternatively, you can do a `bdist_egg` and copy the .egg from dist/ to the place of your choice, or you can create a Windows installer (`bdist_wininst`).
    193 
    194 === Advanced Options ===
     181
     182Alternatively, you can run `bdist_egg` and copy the .egg from `dist/` to the place of your choice, or you can create a Windows installer (`bdist_wininst`).
     183
     184=== Using installer
     185
     186On Windows Trac can be installed using the exe installers available on the [trac:TracDownload] page. Installers are available for the 32 and 64 bit versions of Python. Make sure to use the installer that matches the architecture of your Python installation.
     187
     188=== Using package manager
     189
     190Trac may be available in the package repository for your platform. Note however, that the version provided by the package manager may not be the latest release.
     191
     192=== Advanced `easy_install` Options
    195193
    196194To install Trac to a custom location, or find out about other advanced installation options, run:
    197 {{{
    198 easy_install --help
    199 }}}
    200 
    201 Also see [http://docs.python.org/inst/inst.html Installing Python Modules] for detailed information.
     195{{{#!sh
     196$ easy_install --help
     197}}}
     198
     199Also see [http://docs.python.org/2/install/index.html Installing Python Modules] for detailed information.
    202200
    203201Specifically, you might be interested in:
    204 {{{
    205 easy_install --prefix=/path/to/installdir
    206 }}}
    207 or, if installing Trac to a Mac OS X system:
    208 {{{
    209 easy_install --prefix=/usr/local --install-dir=/Library/Python/2.5/site-packages
    210 }}}
    211 Note: If installing on Mac OS X 10.6 running {{{ easy_install http://svn.edgewall.org/repos/trac/trunk }}} will install into {{{ /usr/local }}} and {{{ /Library/Python/2.6/site-packages }}} by default
     202{{{#!sh
     203$ easy_install --prefix=/path/to/installdir
     204}}}
     205
     206or, if installing Trac on a Mac OS X system:
     207{{{#!sh
     208$ easy_install --prefix=/usr/local --install-dir=/Library/Python/2.5/site-packages
     209}}}
     210
     211'''Note''': If installing on Mac OS X 10.6 running {{{ easy_install http://svn.edgewall.org/repos/trac/trunk }}} will install into {{{ /usr/local }}} and {{{ /Library/Python/2.5/site-packages }}} by default.
    212212
    213213The above will place your `tracd` and `trac-admin` commands into `/usr/local/bin` and will install the Trac libraries and dependencies into `/Library/Python/2.5/site-packages`, which is Apple's preferred location for third-party Python application installations.
    214214
    215 
    216 == Creating a Project Environment ==
    217 
    218 A [TracEnvironment Trac environment] is the backend storage where Trac stores information like wiki pages, tickets, reports, settings, etc. An environment is basically a directory that contains a human-readable [TracIni configuration file], and various other files and directories.
    219 
    220 A new environment is created using [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin]:
    221 {{{
     215== Creating a Project Environment
     216
     217A [TracEnvironment Trac environment] is the backend where Trac stores information like wiki pages, tickets, reports, settings, etc. An environment is basically a directory that contains a human-readable [TracIni configuration file], and other files and directories.
     218
     219A new environment is created using [TracAdmin trac-admin]:
     220{{{#!sh
    222221$ trac-admin /path/to/myproject initenv
    223222}}}
     
    226225
    227226Using the default database connection string in particular will always work as long as you have SQLite installed.
    228 For the other [DatabaseBackend database backends] you should plan ahead and already have a database ready to use at this point.
    229 
    230 Since 0.12, Trac doesn't ask for a [TracEnvironment#SourceCodeRepository source code repository] anymore when creating an environment. Repositories can be [TracRepositoryAdmin added] afterward, or the version control support can be disabled completely if you don't need it.
     227For the other [trac:DatabaseBackend database backends] you should plan ahead and already have a database ready to use at this point.
     228
     229Since 0.12, Trac doesn't ask for a [TracEnvironment#SourceCodeRepository source code repository] anymore when creating an environment. Repositories can be [TracRepositoryAdmin added] afterwards, and support for specific version control systems is disabled by default.
    231230
    232231Also note that the values you specify here can be changed later by directly editing the [TracIni conf/trac.ini] configuration file.
    233232
     233{{{#!div style="border: 1pt dotted; margin: 1em"
     234**Filesystem Warning:** When selecting the location of your environment, make sure that the filesystem on which the environment directory resides supports sub-second timestamps (i.e. **not** `ext2` or `ext3` on Linux, or HFS+ on OSX), as the modification time of the `conf/trac.ini` file will be monitored to decide whether an environment restart is needed or not. A too coarse-grained timestamp resolution may result in inconsistencies in Trac < 1.0.2. The best advice is to opt for a platform with sub-second timestamp resolution, regardless of the Trac version.
     235}}}
     236
    234237Finally, make sure the user account under which the web front-end runs will have '''write permissions''' to the environment directory and all the files inside. This will be the case if you run `trac-admin ... initenv` as this user. If not, you should set the correct user afterwards. For example on Linux, with the web server running as user `apache` and group `apache`, enter:
    235 {{{
    236 # chown -R apache.apache /path/to/myproject
    237 }}}
    238 
    239 == Running the Standalone Server ==
    240 
    241 After having created a Trac environment, you can easily try the web interface by running the standalone server [wiki:TracStandalone tracd]:
    242 {{{
     238{{{#!sh
     239$ chown -R apache.apache /path/to/myproject
     240}}}
     241
     242The actual username and groupname of the Apache server may not be exactly `apache`, and are specified in the Apache configuration file by the directives `User` and `Group` (if Apache `httpd` is what you use).
     243
     244{{{#!div class=important
     245'''Warning:''' Please only use ASCII-characters for account name and project path, unicode characters are not supported there.
     246}}}
     247
     248== Deploying Trac
     249
     250{{{#!div style="border: 1pt dotted; margin: 1em"
     251**Setuptools Warning:** If the version of your setuptools is in the range 5.4 through 5.6, the environment variable `PKG_RESOURCES_CACHE_ZIP_MANIFESTS` must be set in order to avoid significant performance degradation.
     252
     253If running `tracd`, the environment variable can be set system-wide or for just the user that runs the `tracd` process. There are several ways to accomplish this in addition to what is discussed here, and depending on the distribution of your OS.
     254
     255To be effective system-wide a shell script with the `export` statement may be added to `/etc/profile.d`. To be effective for a user session the `export` statement may be added to `~/.profile`.
     256{{{#!sh
     257export PKG_RESOURCES_CACHE_ZIP_MANIFESTS=1
     258}}}
     259
     260Alternatively, the variable can be set in the shell before executing `tracd`:
     261{{{#!sh
     262$ PKG_RESOURCES_CACHE_ZIP_MANIFESTS=1 tracd --port 8000 /path/to/myproject
     263}}}
     264
     265If running the Apache web server, !Ubuntu/Debian users should add the `export` statement to `/etc/apache2/envvars`. !RedHat/CentOS/Fedora should can add the `export` statement to `/etc/sysconfig/httpd`.
     266}}}
     267
     268=== Running the Standalone Server
     269
     270After having created a Trac environment, you can easily try the web interface by running the standalone server [TracStandalone tracd]:
     271{{{#!sh
    243272$ tracd --port 8000 /path/to/myproject
    244273}}}
    245274
    246275Then, fire up a browser and visit `http://localhost:8000/`. You should get a simple listing of all environments that `tracd` knows about. Follow the link to the environment you just created, and you should see Trac in action. If you only plan on managing a single project with Trac you can have the standalone server skip the environment list by starting it like this:
    247 {{{
     276{{{#!sh
    248277$ tracd -s --port 8000 /path/to/myproject
    249278}}}
    250279
    251 == Running Trac on a Web Server ==
    252 
    253 Trac provides various options for connecting to a "real" web server: [wiki:TracCgi CGI], [wiki:TracFastCgi FastCGI], [wiki:TracModWSGI mod_wsgi] and [wiki:TracModPython mod_python]. For decent performance, it is recommended that you use either FastCGI or mod_wsgi.
    254 
    255 Trac also supports [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp AJP] which may be your choice if you want to connect to IIS.
    256 
    257 ==== Generating the Trac cgi-bin directory ====
    258 
    259 In order for Trac to function properly with FastCGI you need to have a `trac.fcgi` file and for mod_wsgi a `trac.wsgi` file. These are Python scripts which load the appropriate Python code. They can be generated using the `deploy` option of [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin].
    260 
    261 There is, however, a bit of a chicken-and-egg problem. The [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin] command requires an existing environment to function, but complains if the deploy directory already exists. This is a problem, because environments are often stored in a subdirectory of the deploy. The solution is to do something like this:
    262 {{{
    263 mkdir -p /usr/share/trac/projects/my-project
    264 trac-admin /usr/share/trac/projects/my-project initenv
    265 trac-admin /usr/share/trac/projects/my-project deploy /tmp/deploy
    266 mv /tmp/deploy/* /usr/share/trac
    267 }}}
    268 
    269 ==== Setting up the Plugin Cache ====
    270 
    271 Some Python plugins need to be extracted to a cache directory. By default the cache resides in the home directory of the current user. When running Trac on a Web Server as a dedicated user (which is highly recommended) who has no home directory, this might prevent the plugins from starting. To override the cache location you can set the PYTHON_EGG_CACHE environment variable. Refer to your server documentation for detailed instructions on how to set environment variables.
    272 
    273 == Configuring Authentication ==
    274 
    275 The process of adding, removing, and configuring user accounts for authentication depends on the specific way you run Trac. The basic procedure is described in the [wiki:TracCgi#AddingAuthentication "Adding Authentication"] section on the TracCgi page. To learn how to setup authentication for the frontend you're using, please refer to one of the following pages:
    276 
    277  * TracStandalone if you use the standalone server, `tracd`.
    278  * TracCgi if you use the CGI or FastCGI web front ends.
    279  * [wiki:TracModWSGI] if you use the Apache mod_wsgi web front end.
    280  * TracModPython if you use the Apache mod_python web front end.
    281 
    282 
    283 == Automatic reference to the SVN changesets in Trac tickets ==
    284 
    285 You can configure SVN to automatically add a reference to the changeset into the ticket comments, whenever changes are committed to the repository. The description of the commit needs to contain one of the following formulas:
    286  * '''`Refs #123`''' - to reference this changeset in `#123` ticket
    287  * '''`Fixes #123`''' - to reference this changeset and close `#123` ticket with the default status ''fixed''
    288 
    289 This functionality requires a post-commit hook to be installed as described in [wiki:TracRepositoryAdmin#ExplicitSync TracRepositoryAdmin], and enabling the optional commit updater components by adding the following line to the `[components]` section of your [wiki:TracIni#components-section trac.ini], or enabling the components in the "Plugins" admin panel.
    290 {{{
    291 tracopt.ticket.commit_updater.* = enabled
    292 }}}
    293 For more information, see the documentation of the `CommitTicketUpdater` component in the "Plugins" admin panel.
    294 
    295 == Using Trac ==
     280=== Running Trac on a Web Server
     281
     282Trac provides various options for connecting to a "real" web server:
     283 - [TracFastCgi FastCGI]
     284 - [wiki:TracModWSGI Apache with mod_wsgi]
     285 - [TracModPython Apache with mod_python]
     286 - //[TracCgi CGI]: should not be used, as it degrades performance//
     287
     288Trac also supports [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp AJP] which may be your choice if you want to connect to IIS. Other deployment scenarios are possible: [trac:TracNginxRecipe nginx], [http://projects.unbit.it/uwsgi/wiki/Example#Traconapacheinasub-uri uwsgi], [trac:TracOnWindowsIisIsapi Isapi-wsgi] etc.
     289
     290==== Generating the Trac cgi-bin directory #cgi-bin
     291
     292In order for Trac to function properly with FastCGI you need to have a `trac.fcgi` file and for mod_wsgi a `trac.wsgi` file. These are Python scripts which load the appropriate Python code. They can be generated using the `deploy` option of [TracAdmin trac-admin].
     293
     294There is, however, a bit of a chicken-and-egg problem. The [TracAdmin trac-admin] command requires an existing environment to function, but complains if the deploy directory already exists. This is a problem, because environments are often stored in a subdirectory of the deploy. The solution is to do something like this:
     295{{{#!sh
     296$ mkdir -p /usr/share/trac/projects/my-project
     297$ trac-admin /usr/share/trac/projects/my-project initenv
     298$ trac-admin /usr/share/trac/projects/my-project deploy /tmp/deploy
     299$ mv /tmp/deploy/* /usr/share/trac
     300}}}
     301
     302Don't forget to check that the web server has the execution right on scripts in the `/usr/share/trac/cgi-bin` directory.
     303
     304==== Mapping Static Resources
     305
     306Without additional configuration, Trac will handle requests for static resources such as stylesheets and images. For anything other than a TracStandalone deployment, this is not optimal as the web server can be set up to directly serve the static resources. For CGI setup, this is '''highly undesirable''' as it causes abysmal performance.
     307
     308Web servers such as [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache] allow you to create //Aliases// to resources, giving them a virtual URL that doesn't necessarily reflect their location on the file system. We can map requests for static resources directly to directories on the file system, to avoid Trac processing the requests.
     309
     310There are two primary URL paths for static resources: `/chrome/common` and `/chrome/site`. Plugins can add their own resources, usually accessible at the `/chrome/<plugin>` path.
     311
     312A single `/chrome` alias can used if the static resources are extracted for all plugins. This means that the `deploy` command must be executed after installing or updating a plugin that provides static resources, or after modifying resources in the `$env/htdocs` directory. This is probably appropriate for most installations but may not be what you want if, for example, you wish to upload plugins through the //Plugins// administration page.
     313
     314The resources are extracted using the [TracAdmin trac-admin]` <environment> deploy` command:
     315[[TracAdminHelp(deploy)]]
     316
     317The target `<directory>` will contain an `htdocs` directory with:
     318 - `common/` - the static resources of Trac
     319 - `site/` - a copy of the environment's `htdocs/` directory
     320 - `shared` - the static resources shared by multiple Trac environments, with a location defined by the `[inherit]` `htdocs_dir` option
     321 - `<plugin>/` - one directory for each resource directory provided by the plugins enabled for this environment
     322
     323The example that follows will create a single `/chrome` alias. If that isn't the correct approach for your installation you simply need to create more specific aliases:
     324{{{#!apache
     325Alias /trac/chrome/common /path/to/trac/htdocs/common
     326Alias /trac/chrome/site /path/to/trac/htdocs/site
     327Alias /trac/chrome/shared /path/to/trac/htdocs/shared
     328Alias /trac/chrome/<plugin> /path/to/trac/htdocs/<plugin>
     329}}}
     330
     331===== Example: Apache and `ScriptAlias` #ScriptAlias-example
     332
     333Assuming the deployment has been done this way:
     334{{{#!sh
     335$ trac-admin /var/trac/env deploy /path/to/shared/trac
     336}}}
     337
     338Add the following snippet to Apache configuration, changing paths to match your deployment. The snippet must be placed ''before'' the `ScriptAlias` or `WSGIScriptAlias` directive, because those directives map all requests to the Trac application:
     339{{{#!apache
     340Alias /trac/chrome /path/to/trac/htdocs
     341
     342<Directory "/path/to/www/trac/htdocs">
     343  # For Apache 2.2
     344  <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
     345    Order allow,deny
     346    Allow from all
     347  </IfModule>
     348  # For Apache 2.4
     349  <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
     350    Require all granted
     351  </IfModule>
     352</Directory>
     353}}}
     354
     355If using mod_python, add this too, otherwise the alias will be ignored:
     356{{{#!apache
     357<Location "/trac/chrome/common">
     358  SetHandler None
     359</Location>
     360}}}
     361
     362Alternatively, if you wish to serve static resources directly from your project's `htdocs` directory rather than the location to which the files are extracted with the `deploy` command, you can configure Apache to serve those resources. Again, put this ''before'' the `ScriptAlias` or `WSGIScriptAlias` for the .*cgi scripts, and adjust names and locations to match your installation:
     363{{{#!apache
     364Alias /trac/chrome/site /path/to/projectenv/htdocs
     365
     366<Directory "/path/to/projectenv/htdocs">
     367  # For Apache 2.2
     368  <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
     369    Order allow,deny
     370    Allow from all
     371  </IfModule>
     372  # For Apache 2.4
     373  <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
     374    Require all granted
     375  </IfModule>
     376</Directory>
     377}}}
     378
     379Another alternative to aliasing `/trac/chrome/common` is having Trac generate direct links for those static resources (and only those), using the [[TracIni#trac-section| [trac] htdocs_location]] configuration setting:
     380{{{#!ini
     381[trac]
     382htdocs_location = http://static.example.org/trac-common/
     383}}}
     384
     385Note that this makes it easy to have a dedicated domain serve those static resources, preferentially cookie-less.
     386
     387Of course, you still need to make the Trac `htdocs/common` directory available through the web server at the specified URL, for example by copying (or linking) the directory into the document root of the web server:
     388{{{#!sh
     389$ ln -s /path/to/trac/htdocs/common /var/www/static.example.org/trac-common
     390}}}
     391
     392==== Setting up the Plugin Cache
     393
     394Some Python plugins need to be extracted to a cache directory. By default the cache resides in the home directory of the current user. When running Trac on a Web Server as a dedicated user (which is highly recommended) who has no home directory, this might prevent the plugins from starting. To override the cache location you can set the `PYTHON_EGG_CACHE` environment variable. Refer to your server documentation for detailed instructions on how to set environment variables.
     395
     396== Configuring Authentication
     397
     398Trac uses HTTP authentication. You'll need to configure your webserver to request authentication when the `.../login` URL is hit (the virtual path of the "login" button). Trac will automatically pick the `REMOTE_USER` variable up after you provide your credentials. Therefore, all user management goes through your web server configuration. Please consult the documentation of your web server for more info.
     399
     400The process of adding, removing, and configuring user accounts for authentication depends on the specific way you run Trac.
     401
     402Please refer to one of the following sections:
     403 * TracStandalone#UsingAuthentication if you use the standalone server, `tracd`.
     404 * [wiki:TracModWSGI#ConfiguringAuthentication TracModWSGI#ConfiguringAuthentication] if you use the Apache web server, with any of its front end: `mod_wsgi` of course, but the same instructions applies also for `mod_python`, `mod_fcgi` or `mod_fastcgi`.
     405 * TracFastCgi if you are using another web server with FCGI support, such as Cherokee, Lighttpd, !LiteSpeed, nginx.
     406
     407The following document also contains some useful information for beginners: [trac:TracAuthenticationIntroduction].
     408
     409== Granting admin rights to the admin user
     410
     411Grant admin rights to user admin:
     412{{{#!sh
     413$ trac-admin /path/to/myproject permission add admin TRAC_ADMIN
     414}}}
     415
     416This user will have an "Admin" entry menu that will allow you to administrate your Trac project.
     417
     418== Finishing the install
     419
     420=== Enable version control components
     421
     422Support for version control systems is provided by optional components in Trac and the components are disabled by default //(since 1.0)//. Subversion and Git must be explicitly enabled if you wish to use them. See TracRepositoryAdmin for more details.
     423
     424The version control systems are enabled by adding the following to the `[components]` section of your [TracIni#components-section trac.ini], or enabling the components in the "Plugins" admin panel:
     425
     426{{{#!ini
     427[components]
     428tracopt.versioncontrol.svn.* = enabled
     429}}}
     430
     431{{{#!ini
     432[components]
     433tracopt.versioncontrol.git.* = enabled
     434}}}
     435
     436After enabling the components, repositories can be configured through the //Repositories// admin panel or by editing [TracIni#repositories-section trac.ini]. Automatic changeset references can be inserted as ticket comments by configuring [TracRepositoryAdmin#Automaticchangesetreferencesintickets CommitTicketUpdater].
     437
     438=== Using Trac
    296439
    297440Once you have your Trac site up and running, you should be able to create tickets, view the timeline, browse your version control repository if configured, etc.
    298441
    299 Keep in mind that anonymous (not logged in) users can by default access most but not all of the features. You will need to configure authentication and grant additional [wiki:TracPermissions permissions] to authenticated users to see the full set of features.
     442Keep in mind that //anonymous// (not logged in) users can by default access only a few of the features, in particular they will have a read-only access to the resources. You will need to configure authentication and grant additional [TracPermissions permissions] to authenticated users to see the full set of features.
    300443
    301444'' Enjoy! ''
     
    304447
    305448----
    306 See also: [trac:TracInstallPlatforms TracInstallPlatforms], TracGuide, TracCgi, TracFastCgi, TracModPython, [wiki:TracModWSGI], TracUpgrade, TracPermissions
     449See also: [trac:TracInstallPlatforms TracInstallPlatforms], TracGuide, TracUpgrade, TracPermissions