source: MondoRescue/trunk/mondo/src/common/mondostructures.h @ 1043

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1/***************************************************************************
2 * $Id: mondostructures.h 1043 2007-01-08 22:31:22Z bruno $
3 *
4 * @file
5 * The header file defining all of Mondo's structures.
6 */
7
8
9/* @def MAX_NOOF_MEDIA The maximum number of media that can be used in any one backup. */
10
11/* So we can override it in config.h: */
12//#ifndef MAX_NOOF_MEDIA
13#define MAX_NOOF_MEDIA 50
14//#endif
15
16/**
17 * Structure indicating one entry in the mountlist.
18 * There is one mountlist_line for each device we're keeping track of in the mountlist.
19 */
20struct mountlist_line {
21  /**
22   * The name of the device (/dev entry) for this mountlist line. Guaranteed to be unique.
23   */
24    char device[64];
25
26  /**
27   * The mountpoint for this mountlist line. Should be unique.
28   * This can be "raid", for a RAID subdisk, or "lvm", for an LVM PV.
29   */
30    char mountpoint[256];
31
32  /**
33   * The filesystem type of this entry. Examples: ext2, ext3, reiserfs, xfs, swap.
34   * Also, this can be "raid", for a RAID subdisk, or "lvm", for an LVM PV.
35   */
36    char format[64];
37
38  /**
39   * The size in kilobytes of this device. 0 or -1 indicates LVM.
40   */
41    long long size;
42
43  /**
44   * For ext2 and ext3, this is the filesystem label (if there is one). If not, this should be "".
45   */
46    char label[256];
47};
48
49/**
50 * The mountlist structure.
51 * This is used to keep track of a list of all the devices/partitions/formats/sizes/labels in the
52 * system, so we can recreate them in a nuke restore.
53 */
54struct mountlist_itself {
55  /**
56   * Number of entries in the mountlist.
57   */
58    int entries;
59
60  /**
61   * The list of entries, all @p entries of them.
62   */
63    struct mountlist_line el[MAX_TAPECATALOG_ENTRIES];
64};
65
66/**
67 * A structure which holds references to elements of the mountlist.
68 * This is used in resize_drive_proportionately_to_fit_new_drives() to
69 * ensure accurate resizing.
70 */
71struct mountlist_reference {
72  /**
73   * The number of entries in the list of mountlist references.
74   */
75    int entries;
76
77  /**
78   * The array of mountlist_line, allocated on demand.
79   */
80    struct mountlist_line **el;
81};
82
83/**
84 * A line in @p additional_raid_variables.
85 */
86struct raid_var_line {
87  /**
88   * The label for this RAID variable.
89   */
90    char *label;
91
92  /**
93   * The value for this RAID variable.
94   */
95    char *value;
96};
97
98/**
99 * The additional RAID variables structure.
100 * This is used to store a list of additional variables to be put in the raidtab,
101 * to allow users to use (new) features of RAID which Mondo doesn't (yet) support directly.
102 * Each @p raid_device_record has one.
103 */
104struct additional_raid_variables {
105  /**
106   * The number of entries in the list.
107   */
108    int entries;
109
110  /**
111   * The list of entries, all @p entries of them.
112   */
113    struct raid_var_line el[MAXIMUM_ADDITIONAL_RAID_VARS];
114};
115
116/**
117 * One disk in a @p list_of_disks.
118 */
119struct s_disk {
120#ifdef __FreeBSD__
121    /**
122     * The name of this disk. If blank it will eventually get filled in automatically.
123     */
124    char name[64];
125#endif
126  /**
127   * The device this entry describes.
128   */
129    char device[64];
130
131  /**
132   * Index number of this entry in the whole disklist.
133   */
134    int index;
135   
136  /**
137   * Type of disk.
138   */
139    char type;  // ' ' = data (default), S = spare, F = faulty
140   
141};
142
143/**
144 * A list of @p s_disk. Every @p raid_device_record has four.
145 */
146struct list_of_disks {
147  /**
148   * The number of entries in the disklist.
149   */
150    int entries;
151
152  /**
153   * The entries themselves, all @p entries of them.
154   */
155    struct s_disk el[MAXIMUM_DISKS_PER_RAID_DEV];
156};
157
158/**
159 * A type of media we're backing up to.
160 */
161typedef enum { none = 0,        ///< No type has been set yet.
162    iso,                        ///< Back up to ISO images.
163    cdr,                        ///< Back up to recordable CDs (do not erase them).
164    cdrw,                       ///< Back up to CD-RWs and blank them first.
165    dvd,                        ///< Back up to DVD+R[W] or DVD-R[W] disks.
166    cdstream,                   ///< Back up to recordable CDs but treat them like a tape streamer.
167    nfs,                        ///< Back up to an NFS mount on the local subnet.
168    tape,                       ///< Back up to tapes.
169    udev                        ///< Back up to another unsupported device; just send a stream of bytes.
170} t_bkptype;
171
172/**
173 * A type of file in the catalog of recent archives.
174 */
175typedef enum { other,           ///< Some other kind of file.
176    fileset,                    ///< An afioball (fileset), optionally compressed.
177    biggieslice                 ///< A slice of a biggiefile, optionally compressed.
178} t_archtype;
179
180
181#ifdef __FreeBSD__
182
183struct vinum_subdisk {
184    char which_device[64];
185};
186
187struct vinum_plex {
188    int raidlevel;
189    int stripesize;
190    int subdisks;
191    struct vinum_subdisk sd[MAXIMUM_RAID_DEVS];
192};
193
194struct vinum_volume {
195    char volname[64];
196    int plexes;
197    struct vinum_plex plex[9];
198};
199
200struct raidlist_itself {
201    int entries;
202    struct list_of_disks spares;
203    struct list_of_disks disks;
204    struct vinum_volume el[MAXIMUM_RAID_DEVS];
205};
206
207#else
208
209        /**
210         * A RAID device in the raidlist.
211         */
212struct raid_device_record {
213      /**
214       * The name of the RAID device (e.g. /dev/md0).
215       */
216    char *raid_device;
217
218      /**
219       * The RAID level (-1 to 5) we're using.
220       */
221    int raid_level;
222
223      /**
224       * Whether the disk has a persistent superblock.
225       */
226    int persistent_superblock;
227
228      /**
229       * The chunk size of this RAID device.
230       */
231    int chunk_size;
232   
233      /**
234       * The parity algorithm of this RAID device. (RAID5 only)
235       */
236    int parity; // 0=left-asymmetric, 1=right-asymmetric, 2=left-symmetric, 3=right-symmetric
237
238      /**
239       * A list of the disks to use for storing data.
240       */
241    struct list_of_disks data_disks;
242
243      /**
244       * A list of the disks to use as "hot spares" in case one dies.
245       */
246    struct list_of_disks spare_disks;
247
248      /**
249       * A list of the disks to use for storing parity information.
250       */
251    struct list_of_disks parity_disks;
252
253      /**
254       * A list of the disks in this RAID device that have failed\. Rare.
255       */
256    struct list_of_disks failed_disks;
257
258      /**
259       * The additional RAID variables for this device.
260       */
261    struct additional_raid_variables additional_vars;
262
263      /**
264       * Resync progress for this device.
265       */
266    int progress;
267};
268
269        /**
270         * The list of RAID devices.
271         * This is intended to be used along with the mountlist, and it can be
272         * directly loaded from/saved to raidtab format.
273         */
274struct raidlist_itself {
275      /**
276       * The number of entries in the list.
277       */
278    int entries;
279
280      /**
281       * The RAID devices in the raidlist, all @p entries of them.
282       */
283    struct raid_device_record el[MAXIMUM_RAID_DEVS];
284};
285
286#endif
287
288/**
289 * The backup information structure.
290 *
291 * This is the central structure to all the activity going on inside Mondo.
292 * It is passed to almost every function that is not just a helper, even those
293 * which only use one variable of it, because it is useful keeping all the information
294 * together in one place. The usage of particular fields in the bkpinfo is marked in
295 * function documentation, but it is best to fill out as many fields as apply, because
296 * that function may in turn pass the bkpinfo to other functions which use other fields.
297 *
298 * To fill out the bkpinfo first call reset_bkpinfo() and pre_param_configuration(). Then set
299 * the backup-specific parameters (see mondo/mondoarchive/mondo-cli.c-\>process_switches for
300 * an example). After that, you should call post_param_configuration() to set some final
301 * parameters based on those you have already set. Failure to do the last step will result in
302 * extremely strange and hard-to-track errors in chop_filelist(), since optimal_set_size is 0.
303 */
304struct s_bkpinfo {
305
306  /**
307   * Pointer to the configuration structure
308   */
309    struct s_mr_conf *mr_conf;
310
311  /**
312   * The device we're backing up to.
313   * If backup_media_type is @b cdr, @b cdrw, or @b cdstream, this should be the SCSI node (e.g. 0,1,0).
314   * If backup_media_type is @b dvd, @b tape, or @b udev, this should be a /dev entry.
315   * If backup_media_type is anything else, this should be blank.
316   */
317    char *media_device;
318
319  /**
320   * An array containing the sizes of each media in our backup set, in MB.
321   * For example, media 1's size would be stored in media_size[1].
322   * Element 0 is unused.
323   * If the size should be autodetected, make it -1 (preferable) or 0.
324   * @bug This should probably be only one variable, not an array.
325   */
326    long media_size[MAX_NOOF_MEDIA + 1];
327
328  /**
329   * The boot loader that is installed. Available choices are:
330   * - 'G' for GRUB
331   * - 'L' for LILO
332   * - 'E' for ELILO
333   * - (FreeBSD only) 'B' for boot0
334   * - (FreeBSD only) 'D' for dangerously dedicated
335   * - 'R' for Raw
336   * - 'U' for Unknown or None
337   *
338   * The function which_boot_loader() can help you set this.
339   */
340    char boot_loader;
341
342  /**
343   * The boot device on which @p boot_loader is installed.
344   * This is a bit difficult to autodetect; you may want
345   * to take truncate_to_drive_name() of where_is_root_mounted().
346   */
347    char *boot_device;
348
349  /**
350   * The compression program to use. Currently supported
351   * choices are lzop and bzip2; gzip may also work. This is ignored if
352   * compression_level is 0.
353   */
354    char *zip_exe;
355
356  /**
357   * The extension your compression program uses. lzop uses lzo, bzip uses
358   * bz2, gzip uses gz, etc. Do not include the dot.
359   */
360    char *zip_suffix;
361
362  /**
363   * Devices to back up as biggiefiles.
364   *
365   * This is useful for backing up NTFS partitions.
366   * @c ntfsclone is used to back up only the used sectors, so the space tradeoff is not bad.
367   * However, several caveats apply to such a partition:
368   * - It must not be mounted during the backup
369   * - It must be in a format that ntfsclone knows how to handle, i.e. NTFS
370   * - It cannot be verified during the verify or compare phase
371   * - It may not be resized or selectively restored at restore-time (all or nothing)
372   *
373   * This is a useful feature, but use at your own risk.
374   */
375    char *image_devs;
376
377  /**
378   * The compression level (1-9) to use. 0 disables compression.
379   */
380    int compression_level;
381
382  /**
383   * If TRUE, then use @c lzop to compress data.
384   * This is used mainly in estimates. The backup/restore may or may
385   * not work if you do not set this. You should also set @p zip_exe
386   * and @p zip_suffix.
387   */
388    bool use_lzo;
389
390  /**
391   * If TRUE, then use @c gzip to compress data.
392   * This is used mainly in estimates. The backup/restore may or may
393   * not work if you do not set this. You should also set @p zip_exe
394   * and @p zip_suffix.
395   */
396    bool use_gzip;
397
398  /**
399   * A filename containing a list of extensions, one per line, to not
400   * compress. If this is set to "", afio will still exclude a set of well-known
401   * compressed files from compression, but biggiefiles that are compressed
402   * will be recompressed again.
403   */
404    char do_not_compress_these[MAX_STR_LEN / 2];
405
406  /**
407   * If TRUE, then we should verify a backup.
408   */
409    bool verify_data;
410
411  /**
412   * If TRUE, then we should back up some data.
413   */
414    bool backup_data;
415
416  /**
417   * If TRUE, then we should restore some data.
418   */
419    bool restore_data;
420
421
422  /**
423    * If TRUE, then we should backup/restore using star, not afio
424   */
425    bool use_star;
426
427
428  /**
429   * Size of internal block reads/writes
430   */
431    long internal_tape_block_size;
432
433  /**
434   * If TRUE, we're making a CD that will autonuke without confirmation when booted.
435   */
436    bool disaster_recovery;
437
438  /**
439   * The directory we're backing up to.
440   * If backup_media_type is @b iso, then this is that directory.
441   * If backup_media_type is anything else, this is ignored.
442   */
443    char *isodir;
444
445/**
446   * The prefix to put in front of media number
447   * If backup_media_type is @b iso, then this is the prefix for the filename
448   * If backup_media_type is anything else, this is ignored.
449   */
450    char *prefix;
451
452  /**
453   * The scratch directory to use.
454   * This is the "stage" that the CD image is made directly from.
455   * As such, it needs to be at least as large as the largest CD/DVD/ISO.
456   */
457    char *scratchdir;
458
459  /**
460   * The temp directory to use.
461   * This is where filesets are stored by the archival threads before
462   * the main thread moves them to the scratchdir. You don't need a lot
463   * of space here.
464   */
465    char *tmpdir;
466
467  /**
468   * The optimal size for each fileset. This is set automatically in
469   * post_param_configuration() based on your @p backup_media_type; you
470   * needn't set it yourself.
471   */
472    long optimal_set_size;
473
474  /**
475   * The type of media we're backing up to.
476   */
477    t_bkptype backup_media_type;
478//  bool blank_dvd_first;
479
480  /**
481   * The string corresponding to the media type
482   */
483    char *backup_media_string;
484
485  /**
486   * Whether we should use a premade filelist or generate our own.
487   * If TRUE, then we generate our own filelist from the directories in @p include_paths.
488   * If FALSE, then we use the filelist whose name is specified in @p include_paths.
489   */
490    bool make_filelist;
491
492  /**
493   * Directories to back up, or (if !make_filelist) the filelist to use.
494   * In the former case, multiple directories should be separated by spaces.
495   * If you do nothing, "/" will be used.
496   */
497    char *include_paths;
498
499  /**
500   * Directories to NOT back up. Ignored if make_filelist == FALSE.
501   * Multiple directories should be separated by spaces. /tmp, /proc,
502   * the scratchdir, and the tempdir are automatically excluded.
503   */
504    char *exclude_paths;
505
506  /**
507   * The path to restore files relative to during a restore.
508   * This is useful if you want to extract the files (to test, for example)
509   * without overwriting the old ones. Ignored during a backup.
510   */
511    char *restore_path;
512
513  /**
514   * A command to call BEFORE making an ISO image.
515   */
516    char *call_before_iso;
517
518  /**
519   * A command to call to make an ISO image.
520   */
521    char *call_make_iso;
522
523  /**
524   * A command to call to burn the ISO image.
525   * BERLIOS: Useful ???
526   */
527    char *call_burn_iso;
528
529  /**
530   * A command to call AFTER making an ISO image.
531   */
532    char *call_after_iso;
533
534  /**
535   * Path to the user's kernel, or "FAILSAFE" or "SUCKS" to use the kernel
536   * included with Mindi.
537   */
538    char *kernel_path;
539
540  /**
541   * The NFS mount to back up to/restore from.
542   * If backup_media_type is not @b nfs, this is ignored.
543   * It must contain a colon, and the server's address should be in dotted-decimal IP
544   * address form. (Domain names will be resolved in post_param_configuration().)
545   */
546    char *nfs_mount;
547
548  /**
549   * The directory, relative to the root of @p nfs_mount, to put
550   * the backups in.
551   */
552    char *nfs_remote_dir;
553
554  /**
555   * A tarball containing a program called "usr/bin/post-nuke" that will be run
556   * after nuking the system. If "", do not use a post-nuke tarball.
557   */
558    char *postnuke_tarball;
559
560  /**
561   * If TRUE, then pass cdrecord the argument "blank=fast" to wipe the CDs before
562   * writing to them. This has no effect for DVDs.
563   */
564    bool wipe_media_first;
565
566// patch by Herman Kuster 
567  /**
568   * The differential level of this backup. Currently only 0 (full backup) and 1
569   * (files changed since last full backup) are supported.
570   */
571    int differential;
572// end patch 
573
574  /**
575   * If TRUE, then don't eject media when backing up or restoring.
576   */
577    bool please_dont_eject;
578
579  /**
580   * The speed of the CD-R[W] drive.
581   */
582    int cdrw_speed;
583
584  /**
585   * If TRUE, then cdrecord will be passed some flags to help compensate for PCs
586   * with eccentric CD-ROM drives. If it has BurnProof technology, or is in a laptop,
587   * it probably falls into this category.
588   */
589    bool manual_cd_tray;
590
591  /**
592   * If TRUE, do not make the first CD bootable. This is dangerous but it saves a minute
593   * or so. It is useful in testing. Use with care.
594   */
595    bool nonbootable_backup;
596
597  /**
598   * If TRUE, make the bootable CD use LILO/ELILO. If FALSE, use isolinux (the default).
599   */
600    bool make_cd_use_lilo;
601};
602
603
604
605/**
606 * A node in a directory structure.
607 * Its internals are managed by load_filelist() et al; you only need to keep track of the top node.
608 * @bug My understanding of this structure is horrendously incomplete. Could you please fill in the details?
609 */
610struct s_node {
611  /**
612   * The character this node contains.
613   */
614    char ch;
615
616  /**
617   * The node to the right of this one.
618   */
619    struct s_node *right;
620
621  /**
622   * The node below this one.
623   */
624    struct s_node *down;
625
626  /**
627   * If TRUE, then this node is selected (for restore, for example).
628   */
629    bool selected;
630
631  /**
632   * If TRUE, then we want to see the directories below this one.
633   */
634    bool expanded;
635};
636
637/**
638 * Information about one file.
639 * This is used as the "zeroth slice" of a biggiefile to be able to recreate
640 * its name, mode, owner, group, mtime, atime, and to be able to verify it in Compare Mode.
641 */
642struct s_filename_and_lstat_info {
643        /**
644     * The filename of the file this structure is describing.
645     */
646    char filename[MAX_STR_LEN];
647
648        /**
649     * The MD5 checksum (32 hex digits) of this file.
650     */
651    char checksum[64];
652
653        /**
654     * Unused; kept for backwards compatibility.
655     */
656    char for_backward_compatibility;
657
658        /**
659     * The stat buffer for this file.
660     * Generated with a call to <tt>lstat(&(struc->properties))</tt> where @p struc
661     * is the @p s_filename_and_lstat_info.
662     */
663    struct stat properties;
664    bool use_ntfsprog;
665};
666
667
668/**
669 * A file with associated severity if it differed in a verify or compare.
670 */
671struct s_filelist_entry {
672        /**
673     * The name of the file.
674     */
675    char filename[MAX_STR_LEN];
676        /**
677     * The severity if the file has changed between the backup and live filesystem.
678     * This is on a scale from 1 to 3, 3 being the most important. File patterns which cause
679     * a severity of 1 are:
680     * - /etc/adjtime
681     * - /etc/mtab
682     * - /var/lib/slocate
683     * - /var/lock
684     * - /var/log
685     * - /var/spool (except /var/spool/mail)
686     * - /var/run
687     * - *~
688     * - *.log
689     * - *cache*
690     * - other temporary or unimportant files
691     *
692     * File patterns which cause a severity of 2 are:
693     * - /var (except /var/lock, /var/log, /var/run, /var/spool)
694     * - /home
695     * - /root/.*
696     * - /var/lib (except /var/lib/slocate, /var/lib/rpm)
697     * - /var/spool/mail
698     *
699     * File patterns which cause a severity of 3 are:
700     * - /etc (except /etc/adjtime, /etc/mtab)
701     * - /root (except /root/.*)
702     * - /usr
703     * - /var/lib/rpm
704     * - Anything else not matched explicitly
705     *
706     * @see severity_of_difference
707     */
708    int severity;
709};
710
711
712/**
713 * A list of @c s_filelist_entry.
714 */
715struct s_filelist {
716        /**
717     * The number of entries in the list.
718     */
719    int entries;
720
721        /**
722     * The entries themselves, all @p entries of them.
723     */
724    struct s_filelist_entry el[ARBITRARY_MAXIMUM];
725};
726
727
728/**
729 * An entry in the tape catalog.
730 */
731struct s_tapecat_entry {
732        /**
733     * The type of archive it is (afioball, slice, or something else).
734     */
735    t_archtype type;
736
737        /**
738     * The filelist number or biggiefile (not slice!) number.
739     */
740    int number;
741
742        /**
743     * The slice number if it's a biggiefile.
744     */
745    long aux;
746
747        /**
748     * The tape position at the point this entry was added.
749     */
750    long long tape_posK;
751
752        /**
753     * The filename of the file cataloged here.
754     */
755    char fname[MAX_TAPECAT_FNAME_LEN + 1];
756};
757
758
759/**
760 * A tape catalog, made of a list of @p s_tapecat_entry.
761 */
762struct s_tapecatalog {
763        /**
764     * The number of entries in the tape catalog.
765     */
766    int entries;
767
768        /**
769     * The entries themselves, all @p entries of them.
770     */
771    struct s_tapecat_entry el[MAX_TAPECATALOG_ENTRIES];
772};
773
774
775
776struct s_mdrec {
777    int md;                     // /dev/mdN
778    int raidlevel;              // 0, 1, 5
779    struct list_of_disks disks;
780    int progress;
781};
782
783struct s_mdstat {
784    int entries;
785    struct s_mdrec el[MAXIMUM_RAID_DEVS];
786};
787
788struct s_mr_conf {
789    int mindi_ia64_boot_size;
790    char *mondo_iso_creation_cmd;
791    char *mondo_logfile;
792};
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