source: MondoRescue/branches/stable/mindi-busybox/docs/ @ 1770

Last change on this file since 1770 was 1770, checked in by Bruno Cornec, 12 years ago
  • Better output for mindi-busybox revision
  • Remove dummy file created on NFS - report from Arnaud Tiger <>
  • strace useful for debug
  • fix new versions for pb (2.0.0 for mindi and 1.7.2 for mindi-busybox)
  • fix build process for mindi-busybox + options used in that version (dd for label-partitions-as-necessary)
  • fix typo in label-partitions-as-necessary which doesn't seem to work
  • Update to busybox 1.7.2
  • perl is now required at restore time to support uuid swap partitions (and will be used for many other thigs

in the future for sure)

  • next mindi version will be 2.0.0 due to all the changes made in it (udev may break working distros)
  • small optimization in mindi on keyboard handling (one single find instead of multiple)
  • better interaction for USB device when launching mindi manually
  • attempt to automatically guess block disk size for ramdisk
  • fix typos in bkphw
  • Fix the remaining problem with UUID support for swap partitions
  • Updates mondoarchive man page for USB support
  • Adds preliminary Hardware support to mindi (Proliant SSSTK)
  • Tries to add udev support also for rhel4
  • Fix UUID support which was still broken.
  • Be conservative in test for the start-nfs script
  • Update config file for mindi-busybox for 1.7.2 migration
  • Try to run around a busybox bug (1.2.2 pb on inexistant links)
  • Add build content for mindi-busybox in pb
  • Remove distributions content for mindi-busybox
  • Fix a warning on inexistant raidtab
  • Solve problem on tmpfs in restore init (Problem of inexistant symlink and busybox)
  • Create MONDO_CACHE and use it everywhere + creation at start
  • Really never try to eject a USB device
  • Fix a issue with &> usage (replaced with 1> and 2>)
  • Adds magic file to depllist in order to have file working + ldd which helps for debugging issues
  • tty modes correct to avoid sh error messages
  • Use ext3 normally and not ext2 instead
  • USB device should be corrected after reading (take 1st part)
  • Adds a mount_USB_here function derived from mount_CDROM_here
  • usb detection place before /dev detection in device name at restore time
  • Fix when restoring from USB: media is asked in interactive mode
  • Adds USB support for mondorestore
  • mount_cdrom => mount_media
  • elilo.efi is now searched throughout /boot/efi and not in a fixed place as there is no standard
  • untar-and-softlink => untar (+ interface change)
  • suppress useless softlinks creation/removal in boot process
  • avoids udevd messages on groups
  • Increase # of disks to 99 as in mindi at restore time (should be a conf file parameter)
  • skip existing big file creation
  • seems to work correctly for USB mindi boot
  • Adds group and tty link to udev conf
  • Always load usb-torage (even 2.6) to initiate USB bus discovery
  • Better printing of messages
  • Attempt to fix a bug in supporting OpenSusE 10.3 kernel for initramfs (mindi may now use multiple regex for kernel initrd detection)
  • Links were not correctly done as non relative for modules in mindi
  • exclusion of modules denied now works
  • Also create modules in their ordinary place, so that classical modprobe works + copy modules.dep
  • Fix bugs for DENY_MODS handling
  • Add device /dev/console for udev
  • ide-generic should now really be excluded
  • Fix a bug in major number for tty
  • If udev then adds modprobe/insmod to rootfs
  • tty0 is also cretaed with udev
  • ide-generic put rather in DENY_MODS
  • udevd remove from deplist s handled in mindi directly
  • better default for mindi when using --usb
  • Handles dynamically linked busybox (in case we want to use it soon ;-)
  • Adds fixed devices to create for udev
  • ide-generic should not be part of the initrd when using libata v2
  • support a dynamically linked udev (case on Ubuntu 7.10 and Mandriva 2008.0 so should be quite generic) This will give incitation to move to dyn. linked binaries in the initrd which will help for other tasks (ia6 4)
  • Improvement in udev support (do not use cl options not available in busybox)
  • Udev in mindi
    • auto creation of the right links at boot time with udev-links.conf(from Mandriva 2008.0)
    • rework startup of udev as current makes kernel crash (from Mandriva 2008.0)
    • add support for 64 bits udev
  • Try to render MyInsmod? silent at boot time
  • Adds udev support (mandatory for newest distributions to avoid remapping of devices in a different way as on the original system)
  • We also need vaft format support for USB boot
  • Adds libusual support (Ubuntu 7.10 needs it for USB)
  • Improve Ubuntu/Debian? keyboard detection and support
  • pbinit adapted to new pb (0.8.10). Filtering of docs done in it
  • Suppress some mondo warnings and errors on USB again
  • Tries to fix lack of files in deb mindi package
  • Verify should now work for USB devices
  • More log/mesages improvement for USB support
  • - Supress g_erase_tmpdir_and_scratchdir
  • Improve some log messages for USB support
  • Try to improve install in mindi to avoid issues with isolinux.cfg not installed vene if in the pkg :-(
  • Improve mindi-busybox build
  • In conformity with pb 0.8.9
  • Add support for Ubuntu 7.10 in build process
  • Add USB Key button to Menu UI (CD streamer removed)
  • Attempt to fix error messages on tmp/scratch files at the end by removing those dir at the latest possible.
  • Fix a bug linked to the size of the -E param which could be used (Arnaud Tiger/René? Ribaud).
  • Integrate ~/.pbrc content into mondorescue.pb (required project-builder >= 0.8.7)
  • Put mondorescue in conformity with new pb filtering rules
  • Add USB support at restore time (no test done yet). New start-usb script PB varibale added where useful
  • Unmounting USB device before removal of temporary scratchdir
  • Stil refining USB copy back to mondo (one command was not executed)
  • No need to have the image subdor in the csratchdir when USB.
  • umount the USB partition before attempting to use it
  • Remove useless copy from mindi to mondo at end of USB handling

(risky merge, we are raising the limits of 2 diverging branches. The status of stable is not completely sure as such. Will need lots of tests, but it's not yet done :-()
(merge -r1692:1769 $SVN_M/branches/2.2.5)

File size: 46.6 KB
1<!--#include file="header.html" -->
5  <li><b>31 October 2005 -- 1.1.0-pre1</b>
6    <p>The development branch of busybox is stable enough for wider testing, so
7    you can now
8    <a href="">download</a>,
9    the first prerelease of 1.1.0.  This prerelease includes a lot of
10    <a href="">new
11    functionality</a>: new applets, new features, and extensive rewrites of
12    several existing applets.  This prerelease should be noticeably more
13    <a href="">standards
14    compliant</a> than earlier versions of busybox, although we're
15    still working out the <a href="">bugs</a>.</p>
17  <li><b>16 August 2005 -- 1.01 is out</b>
19    <p>A new stable release (<a href="">BusyBox
20    1.01</a>) is now available for download, containing over a hundred
21    <a href="">small
22    fixes</a> that have cropped up since the 1.00 release.</p>
24  <li><b>13 January 2005 -- Bug and Patch Tracking</b><p>
26    Bug reports sometimes get lost when posted to the mailing list.  The
27    developers of BusyBox are busy people, and have only so much they can keep
28    in their brains at a time. In my case, I'm lucky if I can remember my own
29    name, much less a bug report posted last week... To prevent your bug report
30    from getting lost, if you find a bug in BusyBox, please use the
31    <a href="">shiny new Bug and Patch Tracking System</a>
32    to post all the gory details.
34    <p>
36    The same applies to patches... Regardless of whether your patch
37    is a bug fix or adds spiffy new features, please post your patch
38    to the Bug and Patch Tracking System to make certain it is
39    properly considered.
42  <p>
43  <li><b>13 October 2004 -- BusyBox 1.00 released</b><p>
45    When you take a careful look at nearly every embedded Linux device or
46    software distribution shipping today, you will find a copy of BusyBox.
47    With countless routers, set top boxes, wireless access points, PDAs, and
48    who knows what else, the future for Linux and BusyBox on embedded devices
49    is looking very bright.
51    <p>
53    It is therefore with great satisfaction that I declare each and every
54    device already shipping with BusyBox is now officially out of date.
55    The highly anticipated release of BusyBox 1.00 has arrived!
57    <p>
59    Over three years in development, BusyBox 1.00 represents a tremendous
60    improvement over the old 0.60.x stable series.  Now featuring a Linux
61    KernelConf based configuration system (as used by the Linux kernel),
62    Linux 2.6 kernel support, many many new applets, and the development
63    work and testing of thousands of people from around the world.
65    <p>
67    If you are already using BusyBox, you are strongly encouraged to upgrade to
68    BusyBox 1.00.  If you are considering developing an embedded Linux device
69    or software distribution, you may wish to investigate if using BusyBox is
70    right for your application.  If you need help getting started using
71    BusyBox, if you wish to donate to help cover expenses, or if you find a bug
72    and need help reporting it, you are invited to visit the <a
73    href="FAQ.html">BusyBox FAQ</a>.
75    <p>
77    As usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
79    <p>Have Fun!
81    <p>
82    <li><b>Old News</b><p>
83    <a href="/oldnews.html">Click here to read older news</a>
86  <li><b>16 August 2004 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-rc3 released</b><p>
88    Here goes release candidate 3...
89    <p>
90    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all the details.
91    And as usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
93    <p>Have Fun!
95  <p>
96  <li><b>26 July 2004 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-rc2 released</b><p>
98    Here goes release candidate 2...
99    <p>
100    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all the details.
101    And as usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
103    <p>Have Fun!
105  <p>
106  <li><b>20 July 2004 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-rc1 released</b><p>
108    Here goes release candidate 1...  This fixes all (most?) of the problems
109    that have turned up since -pre10.  In particular, loading and unloading of
110    kernel modules with 2.6.x kernels should be working much better.
111    <p>
113    I <b>really</b> want to get BusyBox 1.0.0 released soon and I see no real
114    reason why the 1.0.0 release shouldn't happen with things pretty much as
115    is.  BusyBox is in good shape at the moment, and it works nicely for
116    everything that I'm doing with it.  And from the reports I've been getting,
117    it works nicely for what most everyone else is doing with it as well.
118    There will eventually be a 1.0.1 anyway, so we might as well get on with
119    it.  No, BusyBox is not perfect.  No piece of software ever is.  And while
120    there is still plenty that can be done to improve things, most of that work
121    is waiting till we can get a solid 1.0.0 release out the door....
122    <p>
124    Please do not bother to send in patches adding cool new features at this
125    time.  Only bug-fix patches will be accepted.  If you have submitted a
126    bug-fixing patch to the busybox mailing list and no one has emailed you
127    explaining why your patch was rejected, it is safe to say that your patch
128    has been lost or forgotten.  That happens sometimes.  Please re-submit your
129    bug-fixing patch to the BusyBox mailing list, and be sure to put "[PATCH]"
130    at the beginning of the email subject line!
132    <p>
133    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all the details.
134    And as usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
136    <p>Have Fun!
138    <p>
139    On a less happy note, My 92 year old grandmother (my dad's mom) passed away
140    yesterday (June 19th).  The funeral will be Thursday in a little town about
141    2 hours south of my home.  I've checked and there is absolutely no way I
142    could be back in time for the funeral if I attend <a
143    href="">OLS</a> and give my presentation
144    as scheduled.
145    <p>
146    As such, it is with great reluctance and sadness that I have come
147    to the conclusion I will have to make my appologies and skip OLS
148    this year.
149    <p>
152  <p>
153  <li><b>13 April 2004 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre10 released</b><p>
155    Ok, I lied.  It turns out that -pre9 will not be the final BusyBox
156    pre-release.  With any luck however -pre10 will be, since I <b>really</b>
157    want to get BusyBox 1.0.0 released very soon.  As usual, please do not
158    bother to send in patches adding cool new features at this time.  Only
159    bug-fix patches will be accepted.  It would also be <b>very</b> helpful if
160    people could continue to review the BusyBox documentation and submit
161    improvements.
163    <p>
164    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all the details.
165    And as usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
167    <p>Have Fun!
168    <p>
171  <p>
172  <li><b>6 April 2004 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre9 released</b><p>
174    Here goes the final BusyBox pre-release...  This is your last chance for
175    bug fixes.  With luck this will be released as BusyBox 1.0.0 later this
176    week.  Please do not bother to send in patches adding cool new features at
177    this time.  Only bug-fix patches will be accepted.  It would also be
178    <b>very</b> helpful if people could help review the BusyBox documentation
179    and submit improvements.  I've spent a lot of time updating the
180    documentation to make it better match reality, but I could really use some
181    assistance in checking that the features supported by the various applets
182    match the features listed in the documentation.
184    <p>
185    I had hoped to get this released a month ago, but
186    <a href="">
187    another release on 1 March 2004</a> has kept me busy...
189    <p>
190    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all the details.
191    And as usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
193    <p>Have Fun!
194    <p>
197  <p>
198  <li><b>23 February 2004 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre8 released</b><p>
200    Here goes yet another BusyBox pre-release...  Please do not bother to send
201    in patches supplying new features at this time.  Only bug-fix patches will
202    be accepted.  If you have a cool new feature you would like to see
203    supported, or if you have an amazing new applet you would like to submit,
204    please wait and submit such things later.  We really want to get a release
205    out we can all be proud of.  We are still aiming to finish off the -pre
206    series in February and move on to the final 1.0.0 release...  So if you
207    spot any bugs, now would be an excellent time to send in a fix to the
208    busybox mailing list.  It would also be <b>very</b> helpful if people could
209    help review the BusyBox documentation and submit improvements.  It would be
210    especially helpful if people could check that the features supported by the
211    various applets match the features listed in the documentation.
213    <p>
215    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all the details.
216    And as usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
218    <p>Have Fun!
219    <p>
222  <li><b>4 February 2004 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre7 released</b><p>
224    There was a bug in -pre6 that broke argument parsing for a
225    number of applets, since a variable was not being zeroed out
226    properly.  This release is primarily intended to fix that one
227    problem.  In addition, this release fixes several other
228    problems, including a rewrite by mjn3 of the code for parsing
229    the busybox.conf file used for suid handling, some shell updates
230    from vodz, and a scattering of other small fixes.  We are still
231    aiming to finish off the -pre series in February and move on to
232    the final 1.0.0 release...  If you see any problems, of have
233    suggestions to make, as always, please feel free to email the
234    busybox mailing list.
236    <p>
238    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all
239    the details.  And as usual you can
240    <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
242    <p>Have Fun!
243    <p>
246  <p>
247  <li><b>30 January 2004 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre6 released</b><p>
249    Here goes the next pre-release for the new BusyBox stable
250    series.  This release adds a number of size optimizations,
251    updates udhcp, fixes up 2.6 modutils support, updates ash
252    and the shell command line editing, and the usual pile of
253    bug fixes both large and small.  Things appear to be
254    settling down now, so with a bit of luck and some testing
255    perhaps we can finish off the -pre series in February and
256    move on to the final 1.0.0 release...  If you see any
257    problems, of have suggestions to make, as always, please
258    feel free to email the busybox mailing list.
260    <p>
262    People who rely on the <a href= "downloads/snapshots/">daily BusyBox snapshots</a>
263    should be aware that snapshots of the old busybox 0.60.x
264    series are no longer available.  Daily snapshots are now
265    only available for the BusyBox 1.0.0 series and now use
266    the naming scheme "busybox-&lt;date&gt;.tar.bz2".  Please
267    adjust any build scripts using the old naming scheme accordingly.
269    <p>
271    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all
272    the details.  And as usual you can
273    <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
275    <p>Have Fun!
276    <p>
279  <p>
280  <li><b>23 December 2003 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre5 released</b><p>
282    Here goes the next pre-release for the new BusyBox stable
283    series.  The most obvious thing in this release is a fix for
284    a terribly stupid bug in mount that prevented it from working
285    properly unless you specified the filesystem type.  This
286    release also fixes a few compile problems, updates udhcp,
287    fixes a silly bug in fdisk, fixes ifup/ifdown to behave like
288    the Debian version, updates devfsd, updates the 2.6.x
289    modutils support, add a new 'rx' applet, removes the obsolete
290    'loadacm' applet, fixes a few tar bugs, fixes a sed bug, and
291    a few other odd fixes.
293    <p>
295    If you see any problems, of have suggestions to make, as
296    always, please feel free to send an email to the busybox
297    mailing list.
299    <p>
301    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all
302    the details.  And as usual you can
303    <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
305    <p>Have Fun!
306    <p>
310  <li><b>10 December 2003 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre4 released</b><p>
312    Here goes the fourth pre-release for the new BusyBox stable
313    series.  This release includes major rework to sed, lots of
314    rework on tar, a new tiny implementation of bunzip2, a new
315    devfsd applet, support for 2.6.x kernel modules, updates to
316    the ash shell, sha1sum and md5sum have been merged into a
317    common applet, the dpkg applets has been cleaned up, and tons
318    of random bugs have been fixed.  Thanks everyone for all the
319    testing, bug reports, and patches!  Once again, a big
320    thank-you goes to Glenn McGrath (bug1) for stepping in and
321    helping get patches merged!
323    <p>
325    And of course, if you are reading this, you might have noticed
326    the busybox website has been completely reworked.  Hopefully
327    things are now somewhat easier to navigate...  If you see any
328    problems, of have suggestions to make, as always, please feel
329    free to send an email to the busybox mailing list.
331    <p>
333    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all
334    the details.  And as usual you can
335    <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
337    <p>Have Fun!
341  <p>
342  <li><b>12 Sept 2003 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre3 released</b><p>
344    Here goes the third pre-release for the new BusyBox stable
345    series.  The last prerelease has held up quite well under
346    testing, but a number of problems have turned up as the number
347    of people using it has increased.  Thanks everyone for all
348    the testing, bug reports, and patches!
350    <p>
352    If you have submitted a patch or a bug report to the busybox
353    mailing list and no one has emailed you explaining why your
354    patch was rejected, it is safe to say that your patch has
355    somehow gotten lost or forgotten.  That happens sometimes.
356    Please re-submit your patch or bug report to the BusyBox
357    mailing list!
359    <p>
361    The point of the "-preX" versions is to get a larger group of
362    people and vendors testing, so any problems that turn up can be
363    fixed prior to the final 1.0.0 release.  The main feature
364    (besides additional testing) that is still still on the TODO
365    list before the final BusyBox 1.0.0 release is sorting out the
366    modutils issues.  For the new 2.6.x kernels, we already have
367    patches adding insmod and rmmod support and those need to be
368    integrated.  For 2.4.x kernels, for which busybox only supports
369    a limited number of architectures, we may want to invest a bit
370    more work before we cut 1.0.0.  Or we may just leave 2.4.x
371    module loading alone.
373    <p>
375    I had hoped this release would be out a month ago.  And of
376    course, it wasn't since Erik became busy getting a release of
377    <a href="">uClibc</a>
378    out the door.  Many thanks to Glenn McGrath (bug1) for
379    stepping in and helping get a bunch of patches merged!  I am
380    not even going to state a date for releasing BusyBox 1.0.0
381    -pre4 (or the final 1.0.0).  We're aiming for late September...
382    But if this release proves as to be exceptionally stable (or
383    exceptionally unstable!), the next release may be very soon
384    indeed.
386    <p>
388    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all
389    the details.  And as usual you can
390    <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
392    <p>Have Fun!
395    <p>
396    <li><b>30 July 2003 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre2 released</b><p>
398    Here goes another pre release for the new BusyBox stable
399    series.  The last prerelease (pre1) was given quite a lot of
400    testing (thanks everyone!) which has helped turn up a number of
401    bugs, and these problems have now been fixed.
403    <p>
405    Highlights of -pre2 include updating the 'ash' shell to sync up
406    with the Debian 'dash' shell, a new 'hdparm' applet was added,
407    init again supports pivot_root,  The 'reboot' 'halt' and
408    'poweroff' applets can now be used without using busybox init.
409    an ifconfig buffer overflow was fixed, losetup now allows
410    read-write loop devices, uClinux daemon support was added, the
411    'watchdog', 'fdisk', and 'kill' applets were rewritten, there were
412    tons of doc updates, and there were many other bugs fixed.
413    <p>
415    If you have submitted a patch and it is not included in this
416    release and Erik has not emailed you explaining why your patch
417    was rejected, it is safe to say that he has lost your patch.
418    That happens sometimes.   Please re-submit your patch to the
419    BusyBox mailing list.
420    <p>
422    The point of the "-preX" versions is to get a larger group of
423    people and vendors testing, so any problems that turn up can be
424    fixed prior to the final 1.0.0 release.  The main feature that
425    is still still on the TODO list before the final BusyBox 1.0.0
426    release is adding module support for the new 2.6.x kernels.  If
427    necessary, a -pre3 BusyBox release will happen on August 6th.
428    Hopefully (i.e.  unless some horrible catastrophic problem
429        turns up) the final BusyBox 1.0.0 release will be ready by
430    then...
431    <p>
433    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all
434    the details.  As usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
436    <p>Have Fun!
437    <p>
439    <p>
440  <li><b>15 July 2003 -- BusyBox 1.0.0-pre1 released</b><p>
442    The busybox development series has been under construction for
443    nearly two years now.  Which is just entirely too long...  So
444    it is with great pleasure that I announce the imminent release
445    of a new stable series.  Due to the huge number of changes
446    since the last stable release (and the usual mindless version
447    number inflation) I am branding this new stable series verison
448    1.0.x...
449    <p>
451    The point of "-preX" versions is to get a larger group of
452    people and vendors testing, so any problems that turn up can be
453    fixed prior to the magic 1.0.0 release (which should happen
454    later this month)...  I plan to release BusyBox 1.0.0-pre2 next
455    Monday (July 21st), and, if necessary, -pre3 on July 28th.
456    Hopefully (i.e. unless some horrible catastrophic problem turns
457    up) the final BusyBox 1.0.0 release should be ready by the end
458    of July.
459    <p>
461    If you have submitted patches, and they are not in this release
462    and I have not emailed you explaining why your patch was
463    rejected, it is safe to say that I have lost your patch.  That
464    happens sometimes.  Please do <B>NOT</b> send all your patches,
465    support questions, etc, directly to Erik.  I get hundreds of
466    emails every day (which is why I end up losing patches
467    sometimes in the flood)...  The busybox mailing list is the
468    right place to send your patches, support questions, etc.
469    <p>
471    I would like to especially thank Vladimir Oleynik (vodz), Glenn
472    McGrath (bug1), Robert Griebl (sandman), and Manuel Novoa III
473    (mjn3) for their significant efforts and contributions that
474    have made this release possible.
475    <p>
477    As usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
478    You don't really need to bother with the
479    <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a>, as the changes
480    vs the stable version are way too extensive to easily enumerate.
481    But you can take a look if you really want too.
483    <p>Have Fun!
484    <p>
488  <p>
489  <li><b>26 October 2002 -- BusyBox 0.60.5 released</b><p>
491    I am very pleased to announce that the BusyBox 0.60.5 (stable)
492    is now available for download.  This is a bugfix release for
493    the stable series to address all the problems that have turned
494    up since the last release.  Unfortunately, the previous release
495    had a few nasty bugs (i.e. init could deadlock, gunzip -c tried
496    to delete source files, cp -a wouldn't copy symlinks, and init
497    was not always providing controlling ttys when it should have).
498    I know I said that the previous release would be the end of the
499    0.60.x series.  Well, it turns out I'm a liar.  But this time I
500    mean it (just like last time ;-).  This will be the last
501    release for the 0.60.x series --  all further development work
502    will be done for the development busybox tree.  Expect the development
503    version to have its first real release very very soon now...
505    <p>
506    The <a href="downloads/Changelog.full">changelog</a> has all
507    the details.  As usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
508    <p>Have Fun!
509    <p>
511  <p>
512  <li><b>18 September 2002 -- BusyBox 0.60.4 released</b><p>
514    I am very pleased to announce that the BusyBox 0.60.4
515    (stable) is now available for download.  This is primarily
516    a bugfix release for the stable series to address all
517    the problems that have turned up since the last
518    release.  This will be the last release for the 0.60.x series.
519    I mean it this time --  all further development work will be done
520    on the development busybox tree, which is quite solid now and
521    should soon be getting its first real release.
523    <p>
524    The <a href="downloads/Changelog.full">changelog</a> has all
525    the details.  As usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
526    <p>Have Fun!
527    <p>
530  <p>
531  <li><b>27 April 2002 -- BusyBox 0.60.3 released</b><p>
533    I am very pleased to announce that the BusyBox 0.60.3 (stable) is
534    now available for download.  This is primarily a bugfix release
535    for the stable series.  A number of problems have turned up since
536    the last release, and this should address most of those problems.
537    This should be the last release for the 0.60.x series.  The
538    development busybox tree has been progressing nicely, and will
539    hopefully be ready to become the next stable release.
541    <p>
542    The <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all
543    the details.  As usual you can <a href="downloads">download busybox here</a>.
544    <p>Have Fun!
545    <p>
548  <p>
549  <li><b>6 March 2002 -- now has mirrors!</b><p>
551 is now much more available, thanks to
552    the fine folks at <a href= ""></a>
553    who are providing hosting for and
554  In addition, we now have two mirrors:
555    <a href= ""></a>
556    in Canada and
557    <a href= ""></a>
558    in Germany.  I hope this makes things much more
559    accessible for everyone!
563<b>3 January 2002 -- Welcome to!</b>
565<p>Thanks to the generosity of a number of busybox
566users, we have been able to purchase
567(which is where you are probably reading this).
568Right now, and are both
569living on my home system (at the end of my DSL
570line). I apologize for the abrupt move off of Unfortunately, I no longer have
572the access needed to keep that system updated (for
573example, you might notice the daily snapshots there
574stopped some time ago).</p>
576<p> is currently hosted on my home
577server, at the end of a DSL line. Unfortunately,
578the load on them is quite heavy. To address this,
579I'm trying to make arrangements to get
580co-located directly at an ISP. To assist in the
581co-location effort, <a href=
582"">Mark Whitley</a>
583(author of busybox sed, cut, and grep) has donated
584his <a href=
585"">NetWinder</a> computer
586for hosting and Once this
587system is co-located, the current speed problems
588should be completely eliminated. Hopefully, too,
589some of you will volunteer to set up some mirror
590sites, to help to distribute the load a bit.</p>
593    <center>
594    Click here to help support!
595    <form action="" method="post">
596    <input type="hidden" name="cmd" value="_xclick">
597    <input type="hidden" name="business" value="">
598    <input type="hidden" name="item_name" value="Support Busybox">
599    <input type="hidden" name="image_url" value="">
600    <input type="hidden" name="no_shipping" value="1">
601    <input type="image" src="images/donate.png" border="0" name="submit" alt="Make donation using PayPal">
602    </form>
603    </center>
604    -->
605 Since some people expressed concern over BusyBox
606donations, let me assure you that no one is getting
607rich here. All BusyBox and uClibc donations will be
608spent paying for bandwidth and needed hardware
609upgrades. For example, Mark's NetWinder currently
610has just 64Meg of memory. As demonstrated when
611google spidered the site the other day, 64 Megs in
612not enough, so I'm going to be ordering 256Megs of
613ram and a larger hard drive for the box today. So
614far, donations received have been sufficient to
615cover almost all expenses. In the future, we may
616have co-location fees to worry about, but for now
617we are ok. A <b>HUGE thank-you</b> goes out to
618everyone that has contributed!<br>
619 -Erik</p>
623<b>20 November 2001 -- BusyBox 0.60.2 released</b>
625<p>We am very pleased to announce that the BusyBox
6260.60.2 (stable) is now released to the world. This
627one is primarily a bugfix release for the stable
628series, and it should take care of most everyone's
629needs till we can get the nice new stuff we have
630been working on in CVS ready to release (with the
631wonderful new buildsystem). The biggest change in
632this release (beyond bugfixes) is the fact that msh
633(the minix shell) has been re-worked by Vladimir N.
634Oleynik (vodz) and so it no longer crashes when
635told to do complex things with backticks.</p>
637<p>This release has been tested on x86, ARM, and
638powerpc using glibc 2.2.4, libc5, and uClibc, so it
639should work with just about any Linux system you
640throw it at. See the <a href=
641"downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> for <small>most
642of</small> the details. The last release was
643<em>very</em> solid for people, and this one should
644be even better.</p>
646<p>As usual BusyBox 0.60.2 can be downloaded from
647<a href=
650<p>Have Fun.<br>
651 -Erik</p>
654<li> <b>18 November 2001 -- Help us buy!</b>
656<!-- Begin PayPal Logo -->
658Click here to help buy!
659<form action="" method="post">
660<input type="hidden" name="cmd" value="_xclick">
661<input type="hidden" name="business" value="">
662<input type="hidden" name="item_name" value="Support Busybox">
663<input type="hidden" name="image_url" value="">
664<input type="hidden" name="no_shipping" value="1">
665<input type="image" src="images/donate.png" border="0" name="submit" alt="Make donation using PayPal">
668<!-- End PayPal Logo -->
670I've contacted the current owner of and he is willing
671to sell the domain name -- for $250.  He also owns but
672will not part with it...  I will then need to pay the registry fee
673for a couple of years and start paying for bandwidth, so this will
674initially cost about $300.  I would like to host on my
675home machine ( so I have full control over the system,
676but to do that would require that I increase the level of bandwidth
677I am paying for.  Did you know that so far this month, there
678have been over 1.4 Gigabytes of busybox ftp downloads?  I don't
679even <em>know</em> how much CVS bandwidth it requires.  For the
680time being, Lineo has continued to graciously provide this
681bandwidth, despite the fact that I no longer work for them.  If I
682start running this all on my home machine, paying for the needed bandwidth
683will start costing some money.
686I was going to pay it all myself, but my wife didn't like that
687idea at all (big surprise).   It turns out &lt;insert argument
688where she wins and I don't&gt; she has better ideas
689about what we should spend our money on that don't involve
690busybox.  She suggested I should ask for contributions on the
691mailing list and web page.  So...
694I am hoping that if everyone could contribute a bit, we could pick
695up the domain name and cover the bandwidth costs.  I
696know that busybox is being used by a lot of companies as well as
697individuals -- hopefully people and companies that are willing to
698contribute back a bit.  So if everyone could please help out, that
699would be wonderful!
703<li> <b>23 August 2001 -- BusyBox 0.60.1 released</b>
706     This is a relatively minor bug fixing release that fixes
707     up the bugs that have shown up in the stable release in
708     the last few weeks.  Fortunately, nothing <em>too</em>
709     serious has shown up.  This release only fixes bugs -- no
710     new features, no new applets.  So without further ado,
711     here it is.  Come and get it.
712     <p>
713     The
714     <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all
715     the details.  As usual BusyBox 0.60.1 can be downloaded from
716     <a href="downloads"></a>.
717     <p>Have Fun!
718     <p>
721<li> <b>2 August 2001 -- BusyBox 0.60.0 released</b>
723     I am very pleased to announce the immediate availability of
724     BusyBox 0.60.0.  I have personally tested this release with libc5, glibc,
725     and <a href="">uClibc</a> on
726     x86, ARM, and powerpc using linux 2.2 and 2.4, and I know a number
727     of people using it on everything from ia64 to m68k with great success.
728     Everything seems to be working very nicely now, so getting a nice
729     stable bug-free(tm) release out seems to be in order.   This releases fixes
730     a memory leak in syslogd, a number of bugs in the ash and msh shells, and
731     cleans up a number of things.
733     <p>
735     Those wanting an easy way to test the 0.60.0 release with uClibc can
736     use <a href="">User-Mode Linux</a>
737     to give it a try by downloading and compiling
738     <a href="">buildroot.tar.gz</a>.
739     You don't have to be root or reboot your machine to run test this way.
740     Preconfigured User-Mode Linux kernel source is also on
741     <p>
742     Another cool thing is the nifty <a href="downloads/tutorial/index.html">
743     BusyBox Tutorial</a> contributed by K Computing.  This requires
744     a ShockWave plugin (or standalone viewer), so you may want to grab the
745     the GPLed shockwave viewer from <a href="">here</a>
746     to view the tutorial.
747     <p>
749     Finally, In case you didn't notice anything odd about the
750     version number of this release, let me point out that this release
751     is <em>not</em> 0.53, because I bumped the version number up a
752     bit.  This reflects the fact that this release is intended to form
753     a new stable BusyBox release series.  If you need to rely on a
754     stable version of BusyBox, you should plan on using the stable
755     0.60.x series.  If bugs show up then I will release 0.60.1, then
756     0.60.2, etc...  This is also intended to deal with the fact that
757     the BusyBox build system will be getting a major overhaul for the
758     next release and I don't want that to break products that people
759     are shipping.  To avoid that, the new build system will be
760     released as part of a new BusyBox development series that will
761     have some not-yet-decided-on odd version number.  Once things
762     stabilize and the new build system is working for everyone, then
763     I will release that as a new stable release series.
765     <p>
766     The
767     <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> has all
768     the details.  As usual BusyBox 0.60.0 can be downloaded from
769     <a href="downloads"></a>.
770     <p>Have Fun!
771     <p>
774<li> <b>7 July 2001 -- BusyBox 0.52 released</b>
777     I am very pleased to announce the immediate availability of
778     BusyBox 0.52 (the "new-and-improved rock-solid release").  This
779     release is the result of <em>many</em> hours of work and has tons
780     of bugfixes, optimizations, and cleanups.  This release adds
781     several new applets, including several new shells (such as hush, msh,
782     and ash).
784     <p>
785     The
786     <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> covers
787     some of the more obvious details, but there are many many things that
788     are not mentioned, but have been improved in subtle ways.  As usual,
789     BusyBox 0.52 can be downloaded from
790     <a href="downloads"></a>.
791     <p>Have Fun!
792     <p>
795<li> <b>10 April 2001 - Graph of Busybox Growth </b>
797The illustrious Larry Doolittle has made a PostScript chart of the growth
798of the Busybox tarball size over time. It is available for downloading /
799viewing <a href= ""> right here</a>.
801<p> (Note that while the number of applets in Busybox has increased, you
802can still configure Busybox to be as small as you want by selectively
803turning off whichever applets you don't need.)
807<li> <b>10 April 2001 -- BusyBox 0.51 released</b>
810     BusyBox 0.51 (the "rock-solid release") is now out there.  This
811     release adds only 2 new applets: env and vi.  The vi applet,
812     contributed by Sterling Huxley, is very functional, and is only
813     22k.  This release fixes 3 critical bugs in the 0.50 release.
814     There were 2 potential segfaults in lash (the busybox shell) in
815     the 0.50 release which are now fixed.  Another critical bug in
816     0.50 which is now fixed: syslogd from 0.50 could potentially
817     deadlock the init process and thereby break your entire system.
818     <p>
820     There are a number of improvements in this release as well.  For
821     one thing, the wget applet is greatly improved.  Dmitry Zakharov
822     added FTP support, and Laurence Anderson make wget fully RFC
823     compliant for HTTP 1.1.  The mechanism for including utility
824     functions in previous releases was clumsy and error prone.  Now
825     all utility functions are part of a new libbb library, which makes
826     maintaining utility functions much simpler.  And BusyBox now
827     compiles on itanium systems (thanks to the Debian itanium porters
828     for letting me use their system!).
829     <p>
830     You can read the
831     <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> for
832     complete details.  BusyBox 0.51 can be downloaded from
833     <a href="downloads"></a>.
834     <p>Have Fun!
835     <p>
837<li> <b>Busybox Boot-Floppy Image</b>
839<p>Because you asked for it, we have made available a <a href=
840"downloads/busybox.floppy.img"> Busybox boot floppy
841image</a>. Here's how you use it:
845    <li> <a href= "downloads/busybox.floppy.img">
846    Download the image</a>
848    <li> dd it onto a floppy like so: <tt> dd if=busybox.floppy.img
849    of=/dev/fd0 ; sync </tt>
851    <li> Pop it in a machine and boot up.
855<p> If you want to look at the contents of the initrd image, do this:
858    mount ./busybox.floppy.img /mnt -o loop -t msdos
859    cp /mnt/initrd.gz /tmp
860    umount /mnt
861    gunzip /tmp/initrd.gz
862    mount /tmp/initrd /mnt -o loop -t minix
866<li> <b>15 March 2001 -- BusyBox 0.50 released</b>
869     This release adds several new applets including ifconfig, route, pivot_root, stty,
870     and tftp, and also fixes tons of bugs.  Tab completion in the
871     shell is now working very well, and the shell's environment variable
872     expansion was fixed.   Tons of other things were fixed or made
873     smaller.  For a fairly complete overview, see the
874     <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a>.
875     <p>
876     lash (the busybox shell) is still with us, fixed up a bit so it
877     now behaves itself quite nicely.  It really is quite usable as
878     long as you don't expect it to provide Bourne shell grammer.
879     Standard things like pipes, redirects, command line editing, and
880     environment variable expansion work great.  But we have found that
881     this shell, while very usable, does not provide an extensible
882     framework for adding in full Bourne shell behavior.  So the first order of
883     business as we begin working on the next BusyBox release will be to merge in the new shell
884     currently in progress at
885     <a href="">Larry Doolittle's website</a>.
886     <p>
889<li> <b>27 January 2001 -- BusyBox 0.49 released</b>
892     Several new applets, lots of bug fixes, cleanups, and many smaller
893     things made nicer.  Several cleanups and improvements to the shell.
894     For a list of the most interesting changes
895     you might want to look at the <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a>.
896     <p>
897     Special thanks go out to Matt Kraai and Larry Doolittle for all their
898     work on this release, and for keeping on top of things while I've been
899     out of town.
900     <p>
901     <em>Special Note</em><br>
903     BusyBox 0.49 was supposed to have replaced lash, the BusyBox
904     shell, with a new shell that understands full Bourne shell/Posix shell grammer.
905     Well, that simply didn't happen in time for this release.  A new
906     shell that will eventually replace lash is already under
907     construction.  This new shell is being developed by Larry
908     Doolittle, and could use all of our help.  Please see the work in
909     progress on <a href="">Larry's website</a>
910     and help out if you can.  This shell will be included in the next
911     release of BusyBox.
912     <p>
914<li> <b>13 December 2000 -- BusyBox 0.48 released</b>
917     This release fixes lots and lots of bugs.  This has had some very
918     rigorous testing, and looks very, very clean.  The usual tar
919     update of course: tar no longer breaks hardlinks, tar -xzf is
920     optionally supported, and the LRP folks will be pleased to know
921     that 'tar -X' and 'tar --exclude' are both now in.  Applets are
922     now looked up using a binary search making lash (the busybox
923     shell) much faster.  For the new debian-installer (for Debian
924     woody) a .udeb can now be generated.
925     <p>
926     The curious can get a list of some of the more interesting changes by reading
927     the <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a>.
928     <p>
929     Many thanks go out to the many many people that have contributed to
930     this release, especially Matt Kraai, Larry Doolittle, and Kent Robotti.
931     <p>
932<p> <li> <b>26 September 2000 -- BusyBox 0.47 released</b>
935     This release fixes lots of bugs (including an ugly bug in 0.46
936     syslogd that could fork-bomb your system).  Added several new
937     apps: rdate, wget, getopt, dos2unix, unix2dos, reset, unrpm,
938     renice, xargs, and expr.  syslogd now supports network logging.
939     There are the usual tar updates.  Most apps now use getopt for
940     more correct option parsing.
941     See the <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a>
942     for complete details.
945<p> <li> <b>11 July 2000 -- BusyBox 0.46 released</b>
948     This release fixes several bugs (including a ugly bug in tar,
949     and fixes for NFSv3 mount support).  Added a dumpkmap to allow
950     people to dump a binary keymaps for use with 'loadkmap', and a
951     completely reworked 'grep' and 'sed' which should behave better.
952     BusyBox shell can now also be used as a login shell.
953     See the <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a>
954     for complete details.
957<p> <li> <b>21 June 2000 -- BusyBox 0.45 released</b>
960     This release has been slow in coming, but is very solid at this
961     point.  BusyBox now supports libc5 as well as GNU libc.  This
962     release provides the following new apps: cut, tr, insmod, ar,
963     mktemp, setkeycodes, md5sum, uuencode, uudecode, which, and
964     telnet.  There are bug fixes for just about every app as well (see
965     the <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> for
966     details).
967     <p>
968     Also, some exciting infrastructure news!  Busybox now has its own
969     <a href="lists/busybox/">mailing list</a>,
970     publically browsable
971     <a href="/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/trunk/busybox/">CVS tree</a>,
972     anonymous
973     <a href="cvs_anon.html">CVS access</a>, and
974     for those that are actively contributing there is even
975     <a href="cvs_write.html">CVS write access</a>.
976     I think this will be a huge help to the ongoing development of BusyBox.
977     <p>
978     Also, for the curious, there is no 0.44 release.  Somehow 0.44 got announced
979     a few weeks ago prior to its actually being released.  To avoid any confusion
980     we are just skipping 0.44.
981     <p>
982     Many thanks go out to the many people that have contributed to this release
983     of BusyBox (esp. Pavel Roskin)!
986<p> <li> <b>19 April 2000 -- syslogd bugfix</b>
988Turns out that there was still a bug in busybox syslogd.
989For example, with the following test app:
991#include &lt;syslog.h&gt;
993int do_log(char* msg, int delay)
995    openlog("testlog", LOG_PID, LOG_DAEMON);
996    while(1) {
997    syslog(LOG_ERR, "%s: testing one, two, three\n", msg);
998    sleep(delay);
999    }
1000    closelog();
1001    return(0);
1004int main(void)
1006    if (fork()==0)
1007    do_log("A", 2);
1008    do_log("B", 3);
1011it should be logging stuff from both "A" and "B".  As released in 0.43 only stuff
1012from "A" would have been logged.  This means that if init tries to log something
1013while say ppp has the syslog open, init would block (which is bad, bad, bad).
1015Karl M. Hegbloom has created a fix for the problem.
1016Thanks Karl!
1019<p> <li> <b>18 April 2000 -- BusyBox 0.43 released (finally!)</b>
1021I have finally gotten everything into a state where I feel pretty
1022good about things.  This is definitely the most stable, solid release
1023so far.  A lot of bugs have been fixed, and the following new apps
1024have been added: sh, basename, dirname, killall, uptime,
1025freeramdisk, tr, echo, test, and usleep.  Tar has been completely
1026rewritten from scratch.  Bss size has also been greatly reduced.
1027More details are available in the
1028<a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a>.
1029Oh, and as a special bonus, I wrote some fairly comprehensive
1030<em>documentation</em>, complete with examples and full usage information.
1033Many thanks go out to the fine people that have helped by submitting patches
1034and bug reports; particularly instrumental in helping for this release were
1035Karl Hegbloom, Pavel Roskin, Friedrich Vedder, Emanuele Caratti,
1036Bob Tinsley, Nicolas Pitre, Avery Pennarun, Arne Bernin, John Beppu, and Jim Gleason.
1037There were others so if I somehow forgot to mention you, I'm very sorry.
1040You can grab BusyBox 0.43 tarballs <a href="downloads">here</a>.
1042<p> <li> <b>9 April 2000 -- BusyBox 0.43 pre release</b>
1044Unfortunately, I have not yet finished all the things I want to
1045do for BusyBox 0.43, so I am posting this pre-release for people
1046to poke at.  This contains my complete rewrite of tar, which now weighs in at
10475k (7k with all options turned on) and works for reading and writing
1048tarballs (which it does correctly for everything I have been able to throw
1049at it).  Tar also (optionally) supports the "--exclude" option (mainly because
1050the Linux Router Project folks asked for it).  This also has a pre-release
1051of the micro shell I have been writing.  This pre-release should be stable
1052enough for production use -- it just isn't a release since I have some structural
1053changes I still want to make.
1055The pre-release can be found <a href="downloads">here</a>.
1056Please let me know ASAP if you find <em>any</em> bugs.
1058<p> <li> <b>28 March 2000 -- Andersen Baby Boy release</b>
1060I am pleased to announce that on Tuesday March 28th at 5:48pm, weighing in at 7
1061lbs. 12 oz, Micah Erik Andersen was born at LDS Hospital here in Salt Lake City.
1062He was born in the emergency room less then 5 minutes after we arrived -- and
1063it was such a relief that we even made it to the hospital at all.  Despite the
1064fact that I was driving at an amazingly unlawful speed and honking at everybody
1065and thinking decidedly unkind thoughts about the people in our way, my wife
1066(inconsiderate of my feelings and complete lack of medical training) was lying
1067down in the back seat saying things like "I think I need to start pushing now"
1068(which she then proceeded to do despite my best encouraging statements to the
1071Anyway, I'm glad to note that despite the much-faster-than-we-were-expecting
1072labor, both Shaunalei and our new baby boy are doing wonderfully.
1074So now that I am done with my excuse for the slow release cycle...
1075Progress on the next release of BusyBox has been slow but steady.  I expect
1076to have a release sometime during the first week of April.  This release will
1077include a number of important changes, including the addition of a shell, a
1078re-write of tar (to accommodate the Linux Router Project), and syslogd can now
1079accept multiple concurrent connections, fixing lots of unexpected blocking
1083<p> <li> <b>11 February 2000 -- BusyBox 0.42 released</b>
1086     This is the most solid BusyBox release so far.  Many, many
1087    bugs have been fixed.   See the
1088    <a href="downloads/Changelog">changelog</a> for details.
1090    Of particular interest, init will now cleanly unmount
1091    filesystems on reboot, cp and mv have been rewritten and
1092    behave much better, and mount and umount no longer leak
1093    loop devices.  Many thanks go out to Randolph Chung,
1094    Karl M. Hegbloom, Taketoshi Sano, and Pavel Roskin for
1095    their hard work on this release of BusyBox.  Please pound
1096    on it and let me know if you find any bugs.
1098<p> <li> <b>19 January 2000 -- BusyBox 0.41 released</b>
1101     This release includes bugfixes to cp, mv, logger, true, false,
1102    mkdir, syslogd, and init.  New apps include wc, hostid,
1103    logname, tty, whoami, and yes.  New features include loop device
1104    support in mount and umount, and better TERM handling by init.
1105    The changelog can be found <a href="downloads/Changelog">here</a>.
1107<p> <li> <b>7 January 2000 -- BusyBox 0.40 released</b>
1110     This release includes bugfixes to init (now includes inittab support),
1111     syslogd, head, logger, du, grep, cp, mv, sed, dmesg, ls, kill, gunzip, and mknod.
1112     New apps include sort, uniq, lsmod, rmmod, fbset, and loadacm.
1113     In particular, this release fixes an important bug in tar which
1114     in some cases produced serious security problems.
1115     As always, the changelog can be found <a href="downloads/Changelog">here</a>.
1117<p> <li> <b>11 December 1999 -- BusyBox Website</b>
1119     I have received permission from Bruce Perens (the original author of BusyBox)
1120    to set up this site as the new primary website for BusyBox.  This website
1121    will always contain pointers to the latest and greatest, and will also
1122    contain the latest documentation on how to use BusyBox, what it can do,
1123    what arguments its apps support, etc.
1125<p> <li> <b>10 December 1999 -- BusyBox 0.39 released</b>
1127     This release includes fixes to init, reboot, halt, kill, and ls, and contains
1128     the new apps ping, hostname, mkfifo, free, tail, du, tee, and head.  A full
1129     changelog can be found <a href="downloads/Changelog">here</a>.
1130<p> <li> <b>5 December 1999 -- BusyBox 0.38 released</b>
1132     This release includes fixes to tar, cat, ls, dd, rm, umount, find, df,
1133    and make install, and includes new apps syslogd/klogd and logger.
1139<!--#include file="footer.html" -->
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